Nutritional status, nutritional habit and breakfast intake in relation to IQ among primary school children in Baghdad city, Iraq

Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Zaleha Md Isa, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid Syed Junid, Azmi Mohd. Tamil, Mohammed A. Abdalqader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nutrition for children especially during the development stage is crucial. A lot of studies have been done to observe the effects of nutrition on child cognition development but the situation in Iraq is absolutely different. A cross-sectional study was carried out in Baghdad city, Iraq to assess the nutritional status and nutritional habit of primary school children and to relate it with their Intelligence Quotient (IQ) score using standardized tools. The prevalence of malnutrition was 12.1% among Iraqi children. Nutritional status, nutritional habit and breakfast intake were significantly associated with children intelligence (p = <0.001, <0.001, <0.001) respectively. Malnutrition among children is still to be a public health issue in Iraq and it is affecting the child cognitive function and academic performance at school.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-382
Number of pages4
JournalPakistan Journal of Nutrition
Volume11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Iraq
elementary schools
Breakfast
school children
breakfast
Nutritional Status
Intelligence
Habits
nutritional status
cognition
malnutrition
Cognition
Child Nutrition Disorders
academic achievement
child nutrition
Child Development
cross-sectional studies
Malnutrition
public health
Public Health

Keywords

  • Baghdad
  • Breakfast intake
  • IQ
  • Nutritional habit
  • Nutritional status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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AU - Mohd. Tamil, Azmi

AU - Abdalqader, Mohammed A.

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