Nutritional status and quality of life of oncology patients prior to pelvic radiotherapy

Dzairudzee Rosli, Suzana Shahar, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Hazreen Abd Majid, Mohd Roslan Haron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Malnutrition among cancer patients is associated with a higher risk of gastrointestinal toxicity which develops during treatment and may affect quality of life (QOL). Thus, this cross-sectional study aimed to determine the nutritional status and QOL of 30 oncology patients (mean age 50.0+10.7 years) prior to pelvic radiotherapy at Hospital Sultan Ismail, Johor Bahru. Methods: Patients were assessed for anthropometry measurements, 24-h diet recall and nutritional status using Scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) questionnaire while the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Care Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) was used to assess QOL two weeks prior to the initiation of pelvic radiotherapy. Results: Mean Body Mass Index (BMI) of patients was 23.3+3.3kg/m2 and 33% of patients experienced weight loss prior to pelvic radiotherapy. The PG-SGA rating indicated that 63% of patients were at Stage A (well-nourished) and 37% were in Stage B (moderate malnutrition). The PG-SGA numerical score was a significant predictor of QOL, after adjusting for socio-demographic factors (R2=0.861, p < 0.05). Conclusion: In general, the low nutritional status of the patients indicates the need for early nutritional assessment, education and intervention in ensuring optimal nutritional status throughout the pelvic radiotherapy treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-373
Number of pages13
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume23
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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Nutritive Value
radiotherapy
Nutritional Status
quality of life
nutritional status
Radiotherapy
nutritive value
Quality of Life
Malnutrition
malnutrition
questionnaires
research management
Anthropometry
Nutrition Assessment
neoplasms
nutrition assessment
diet recall
anthropometric measurements
cross-sectional studies
body mass index

Keywords

  • EORTC QLQ-C30
  • Malnutrition
  • Pelvic radiotherapy
  • PG-SGA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Nutritional status and quality of life of oncology patients prior to pelvic radiotherapy. / Rosli, Dzairudzee; Shahar, Suzana; Abdul Manaf, Zahara; Majid, Hazreen Abd; Haron, Mohd Roslan.

In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 23, No. 3, 01.01.2017, p. 361-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rosli, Dzairudzee ; Shahar, Suzana ; Abdul Manaf, Zahara ; Majid, Hazreen Abd ; Haron, Mohd Roslan. / Nutritional status and quality of life of oncology patients prior to pelvic radiotherapy. In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition. 2017 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 361-373.
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