Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 6 months to 12 years

Findings of the Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children (SEANUTS Malaysia)

Bee Koon Poh, Boon Koon Ng, Mohd Din Siti Haslinda, Nik Shanita Safii, Jyh Eiin Wong, Siti Balkis Budin, Ruzita Abd. Talib, Lai Oon Ng, Ilse Khouw, Norimah A. Karim

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82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dual burden of malnutrition reportedly coexists in Malaysia; however, existing data are scarce and do not adequately represent the nutritional status of Malaysian children. The Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children was carried out with the aim of assessing the nutritional status in a sample of nationally representative population of children aged 6 months to 12 years. A total of 3542 children were recruited using a stratified random sampling method. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist and hip circumferences. Blood biochemical assessment involved analyses of Hb, serum ferritin, and vitamins A and D. Dietary intake was assessed using semi-quantitative FFQ, and nutrient intakes were compared with the Malaysian Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNI). The prevalence of overweight (9·8 %) and obesity (11·8 %) was higher than that of thinness (5·4 %) and stunting (8·4 %). Only a small proportion of children had low levels of Hb (6·6 %), serum ferritin (4·4 %) and vitamin A (4·4 %), but almost half the children (47·5 %) had vitamin D insufficiency. Dietary intake of the children was not compatible with the recommendations, where more than one-third did not achieve the Malaysian RNI for energy, Ca and vitamin D. The present study revealed that overnutrition was more prevalent than undernutrition. The presence of high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and the inadequate intake of Ca and vitamin D are of concern. Hence, strategies for improving the nutritional status of Malaysian children need to consider both sides of malnutrition and also put emphasis on approaches for the prevention of overweight and obesity as well as vitamin D insufficiency.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume110
Issue numberSUPPL.3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint

Nutrition Surveys
Malaysia
Nutritional Status
Vitamin D
Malnutrition
Ferritins
Vitamin A
Food
Obesity
Overnutrition
Growth Disorders
Thinness
Waist Circumference
Energy Intake
Serum
Hip
Arm
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Blood biochemistry
  • Children's nutritional status
  • Dietary intakes
  • Double burden of malnutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

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title = "Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 6 months to 12 years: Findings of the Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children (SEANUTS Malaysia)",
abstract = "The dual burden of malnutrition reportedly coexists in Malaysia; however, existing data are scarce and do not adequately represent the nutritional status of Malaysian children. The Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children was carried out with the aim of assessing the nutritional status in a sample of nationally representative population of children aged 6 months to 12 years. A total of 3542 children were recruited using a stratified random sampling method. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist and hip circumferences. Blood biochemical assessment involved analyses of Hb, serum ferritin, and vitamins A and D. Dietary intake was assessed using semi-quantitative FFQ, and nutrient intakes were compared with the Malaysian Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNI). The prevalence of overweight (9·8 {\%}) and obesity (11·8 {\%}) was higher than that of thinness (5·4 {\%}) and stunting (8·4 {\%}). Only a small proportion of children had low levels of Hb (6·6 {\%}), serum ferritin (4·4 {\%}) and vitamin A (4·4 {\%}), but almost half the children (47·5 {\%}) had vitamin D insufficiency. Dietary intake of the children was not compatible with the recommendations, where more than one-third did not achieve the Malaysian RNI for energy, Ca and vitamin D. The present study revealed that overnutrition was more prevalent than undernutrition. The presence of high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and the inadequate intake of Ca and vitamin D are of concern. Hence, strategies for improving the nutritional status of Malaysian children need to consider both sides of malnutrition and also put emphasis on approaches for the prevention of overweight and obesity as well as vitamin D insufficiency.",
keywords = "Blood biochemistry, Children's nutritional status, Dietary intakes, Double burden of malnutrition",
author = "Poh, {Bee Koon} and Ng, {Boon Koon} and {Siti Haslinda}, {Mohd Din} and Safii, {Nik Shanita} and Wong, {Jyh Eiin} and Budin, {Siti Balkis} and {Abd. Talib}, Ruzita and Ng, {Lai Oon} and Ilse Khouw and {A. Karim}, Norimah",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
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language = "English",
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T1 - Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 6 months to 12 years

T2 - Findings of the Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children (SEANUTS Malaysia)

AU - Poh, Bee Koon

AU - Ng, Boon Koon

AU - Siti Haslinda, Mohd Din

AU - Safii, Nik Shanita

AU - Wong, Jyh Eiin

AU - Budin, Siti Balkis

AU - Abd. Talib, Ruzita

AU - Ng, Lai Oon

AU - Khouw, Ilse

AU - A. Karim, Norimah

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - The dual burden of malnutrition reportedly coexists in Malaysia; however, existing data are scarce and do not adequately represent the nutritional status of Malaysian children. The Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children was carried out with the aim of assessing the nutritional status in a sample of nationally representative population of children aged 6 months to 12 years. A total of 3542 children were recruited using a stratified random sampling method. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist and hip circumferences. Blood biochemical assessment involved analyses of Hb, serum ferritin, and vitamins A and D. Dietary intake was assessed using semi-quantitative FFQ, and nutrient intakes were compared with the Malaysian Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNI). The prevalence of overweight (9·8 %) and obesity (11·8 %) was higher than that of thinness (5·4 %) and stunting (8·4 %). Only a small proportion of children had low levels of Hb (6·6 %), serum ferritin (4·4 %) and vitamin A (4·4 %), but almost half the children (47·5 %) had vitamin D insufficiency. Dietary intake of the children was not compatible with the recommendations, where more than one-third did not achieve the Malaysian RNI for energy, Ca and vitamin D. The present study revealed that overnutrition was more prevalent than undernutrition. The presence of high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and the inadequate intake of Ca and vitamin D are of concern. Hence, strategies for improving the nutritional status of Malaysian children need to consider both sides of malnutrition and also put emphasis on approaches for the prevention of overweight and obesity as well as vitamin D insufficiency.

AB - The dual burden of malnutrition reportedly coexists in Malaysia; however, existing data are scarce and do not adequately represent the nutritional status of Malaysian children. The Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children was carried out with the aim of assessing the nutritional status in a sample of nationally representative population of children aged 6 months to 12 years. A total of 3542 children were recruited using a stratified random sampling method. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist and hip circumferences. Blood biochemical assessment involved analyses of Hb, serum ferritin, and vitamins A and D. Dietary intake was assessed using semi-quantitative FFQ, and nutrient intakes were compared with the Malaysian Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNI). The prevalence of overweight (9·8 %) and obesity (11·8 %) was higher than that of thinness (5·4 %) and stunting (8·4 %). Only a small proportion of children had low levels of Hb (6·6 %), serum ferritin (4·4 %) and vitamin A (4·4 %), but almost half the children (47·5 %) had vitamin D insufficiency. Dietary intake of the children was not compatible with the recommendations, where more than one-third did not achieve the Malaysian RNI for energy, Ca and vitamin D. The present study revealed that overnutrition was more prevalent than undernutrition. The presence of high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and the inadequate intake of Ca and vitamin D are of concern. Hence, strategies for improving the nutritional status of Malaysian children need to consider both sides of malnutrition and also put emphasis on approaches for the prevention of overweight and obesity as well as vitamin D insufficiency.

KW - Blood biochemistry

KW - Children's nutritional status

KW - Dietary intakes

KW - Double burden of malnutrition

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U2 - 10.1017/S0007114513002092

DO - 10.1017/S0007114513002092

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VL - 110

JO - British Journal of Nutrition

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