Nutritional Situation of a Chinese Community

A. R. Suriah, T. J. Chong, B. Y. Yeoh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aim: To evaluate the anthropometric measurements and dietary intake of the free-living elderly in a Chinese community. Method; A survey was carried out on 48 male and female subjects aged 60 to 96 years using anthropometric, dietary intake and questionnaire techniques. Results: The study indicated female subjects to have more health problems, like pain at the joints (33%), hypertension (17%) and diabetes (27%) as compared to the male subjects. Dietary intake analysis showed the Chinese male subjects to have a higher energy intake (1,623 kcal) compared to the females (1,197 kcal) even though they did not fulfill the recommended dietary intake. The intake for energy, fats and carbohydrates, was found to be significantly different (p < 0.05) between both sexes. Anthropometric measurements indicated male elderly subjects to be significantly heavier (p < 0.05, 55.4 kg) and taller (161.8 cm) than female elderly subjects (49.5 kg; 146.2 cm respectively). About half of the elderly were normal in their BMI (male 55.6%; female 50%) and only 6.6% of the female subjects were obese. More male subjects were found to be underweight (33%) compared to female subjects (17%). Waist hip ratio was 0.92 for male and 0.87 for female. Conclusion: Our study showed that female elderly subjects had more health problems compared to male elderly subjects. On the whole, the elderly did not fulfill the recommended amount for energy intake while the percentage for carbohydrates, fats and protein from the total calorie intake were not in accordance with the healthy diet guidelines. Anthropometrically, male subjects were heavier and taller than female subjects. Looking at body mass index, most of the male elderly subjects were in the normal to underweight range. With these results, more research is warranted to give a clearer picture of the Chinese elderly in the country.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)348-352
    Number of pages5
    JournalSingapore Medical Journal
    Volume39
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 1998

    Fingerprint

    Energy Intake
    Thinness
    Fats
    Carbohydrates
    Waist-Hip Ratio
    Health
    Arthralgia
    Body Mass Index
    Guidelines
    Hypertension
    Research
    Proteins
    Surveys and Questionnaires

    Keywords

    • Anthropometric
    • Elderly
    • Food intake
    • Nutrition

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Suriah, A. R., Chong, T. J., & Yeoh, B. Y. (1998). Nutritional Situation of a Chinese Community. Singapore Medical Journal, 39(8), 348-352.

    Nutritional Situation of a Chinese Community. / Suriah, A. R.; Chong, T. J.; Yeoh, B. Y.

    In: Singapore Medical Journal, Vol. 39, No. 8, 08.1998, p. 348-352.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Suriah, AR, Chong, TJ & Yeoh, BY 1998, 'Nutritional Situation of a Chinese Community', Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 348-352.
    Suriah AR, Chong TJ, Yeoh BY. Nutritional Situation of a Chinese Community. Singapore Medical Journal. 1998 Aug;39(8):348-352.
    Suriah, A. R. ; Chong, T. J. ; Yeoh, B. Y. / Nutritional Situation of a Chinese Community. In: Singapore Medical Journal. 1998 ; Vol. 39, No. 8. pp. 348-352.
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    abstract = "Aim: To evaluate the anthropometric measurements and dietary intake of the free-living elderly in a Chinese community. Method; A survey was carried out on 48 male and female subjects aged 60 to 96 years using anthropometric, dietary intake and questionnaire techniques. Results: The study indicated female subjects to have more health problems, like pain at the joints (33{\%}), hypertension (17{\%}) and diabetes (27{\%}) as compared to the male subjects. Dietary intake analysis showed the Chinese male subjects to have a higher energy intake (1,623 kcal) compared to the females (1,197 kcal) even though they did not fulfill the recommended dietary intake. The intake for energy, fats and carbohydrates, was found to be significantly different (p < 0.05) between both sexes. Anthropometric measurements indicated male elderly subjects to be significantly heavier (p < 0.05, 55.4 kg) and taller (161.8 cm) than female elderly subjects (49.5 kg; 146.2 cm respectively). About half of the elderly were normal in their BMI (male 55.6{\%}; female 50{\%}) and only 6.6{\%} of the female subjects were obese. More male subjects were found to be underweight (33{\%}) compared to female subjects (17{\%}). Waist hip ratio was 0.92 for male and 0.87 for female. Conclusion: Our study showed that female elderly subjects had more health problems compared to male elderly subjects. On the whole, the elderly did not fulfill the recommended amount for energy intake while the percentage for carbohydrates, fats and protein from the total calorie intake were not in accordance with the healthy diet guidelines. Anthropometrically, male subjects were heavier and taller than female subjects. Looking at body mass index, most of the male elderly subjects were in the normal to underweight range. With these results, more research is warranted to give a clearer picture of the Chinese elderly in the country.",
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