Nutritional composition and oil fatty acids of kundur [Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.] seed

Chang Chew Sew, Nurul Aqilah Mohd Zaini, Farooq Anwar, Azizah Abdul Hamid, Nazamid Saari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The seeds from Kundur [Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.], a fruit vegetable plant with high functional properties (especially in medicinal treatment), were analysed for nutritive parameters (dietary fiber, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, ash, and energy) and oil fatty acids composition. Proximate analysis of the seeds revealed the total dietary fiber as the principal component, comprising 58.43% of the seed. The contents of crude fat and crude protein were found to be 20.70 and 11.63%, respectively. The extracted Kundur seed oil mainly consisted of linoleic acid (C18:2 ω6), accounting for 67.37% of the total fatty acids. Other important fatty acid detected were palmitic (C16:0), oleic (C18:1 cis) and stearic (C18:0) acids with contribution of 17.11, 10.21 and 4.83%, respectively. The fatty acids profile of the tested Kundur seed oil was quite comparable to those of previously reported cucurbitaceae seed oils and some other wholesome oils, revealing that it can be used as a potential seed oil crop.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3247-3255
Number of pages9
JournalPakistan Journal of Botany
Volume42
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Benincasa hispida
seed oils
fatty acids
oils
dietary fiber
crude protein
seeds
fatty acid composition
oilseed crops
Cucurbitaceae
lipids
crude fiber
proximate composition
functional properties
linoleic acid
vegetables
fruits
acids
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Nutritional composition and oil fatty acids of kundur [Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.] seed. / Sew, Chang Chew; Mohd Zaini, Nurul Aqilah; Anwar, Farooq; Hamid, Azizah Abdul; Saari, Nazamid.

In: Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 42, No. 5, 10.2010, p. 3247-3255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sew, Chang Chew ; Mohd Zaini, Nurul Aqilah ; Anwar, Farooq ; Hamid, Azizah Abdul ; Saari, Nazamid. / Nutritional composition and oil fatty acids of kundur [Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.] seed. In: Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2010 ; Vol. 42, No. 5. pp. 3247-3255.
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