Nutrient intake pattern of vegetarians and non-vegetarians in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Y. S. Wong, S. Shalini, M. R. Farah Liana, W. M S Wan Nurul Amera, M. Y. Mohd Naqiuddin, Norhazlina Abdul Wahab, Zaleha Md Isa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vegetarians adhering to a well-planned diet are assumed to meet nutrient requirements. This study was designed to evaluate the nutrient intake of adult vegetarians and non-vegetarians in Kuala Lumpur. A cross-sectional comparison between three types of diet practices was carried out in Kuala Lumpur, with 35 respondents in each group (non-vegetarian, ovolacto-vegetarian and strict-vegetarian). Anthropometric indices such as weight and body fat composition were measured using TANITA electronic balance scale, while three-day dietary recalls was assessed using a computer dietary analysis software programme, Nutritionist-pro. Statistical analysis had shown non significant difference in the three diet practices with respect to anthropometric indices. The benefits of vegetarian practices were obviously presented in the dietary intake of nutrients. Both ovolacto-vegetarians and strict-vegetarians had significantly higher mean dietary intake of fiber, folate, magnesium, vitamin A and vitamin C than non-vegetarians (p<0.01). Surprisingly, some of the potential nutrient deficiencies among strict-vegetarians such as calcium, iron and zinc achieved the Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNI) for Malaysia. However, the dietary habits of vegetarians were very heterogeneous and some of them did not comply with the requirements for calcium, iron zinc and vitamin B12. Malaysian vegetarians in this study generally have a better nutrient intake than nonvegetarians. Education on proper meal planning should be implemented among vegetarians to prevent potential nutritional deficiencies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-376
Number of pages6
JournalPakistan Journal of Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

vegetarian diet
Malaysia
nutrient intake
Food
nutrient deficiencies
Diet
Zinc
food intake
Vegetarians
Iron
meal planning
zinc
diet
iron
Calcium
calcium
diet recall
Nutritionists
nutritionists
Dietary Fiber

Keywords

  • Non-vegetarian
  • Nutrient intake
  • Ovolacto-vegetarian
  • Strict-vegetarian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Wong, Y. S., Shalini, S., Farah Liana, M. R., Wan Nurul Amera, W. M. S., Mohd Naqiuddin, M. Y., Abdul Wahab, N., & Md Isa, Z. (2013). Nutrient intake pattern of vegetarians and non-vegetarians in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12(4), 371-376.

Nutrient intake pattern of vegetarians and non-vegetarians in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. / Wong, Y. S.; Shalini, S.; Farah Liana, M. R.; Wan Nurul Amera, W. M S; Mohd Naqiuddin, M. Y.; Abdul Wahab, Norhazlina; Md Isa, Zaleha.

In: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 12, No. 4, 2013, p. 371-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wong, YS, Shalini, S, Farah Liana, MR, Wan Nurul Amera, WMS, Mohd Naqiuddin, MY, Abdul Wahab, N & Md Isa, Z 2013, 'Nutrient intake pattern of vegetarians and non-vegetarians in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia', Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 371-376.
Wong YS, Shalini S, Farah Liana MR, Wan Nurul Amera WMS, Mohd Naqiuddin MY, Abdul Wahab N et al. Nutrient intake pattern of vegetarians and non-vegetarians in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2013;12(4):371-376.
Wong, Y. S. ; Shalini, S. ; Farah Liana, M. R. ; Wan Nurul Amera, W. M S ; Mohd Naqiuddin, M. Y. ; Abdul Wahab, Norhazlina ; Md Isa, Zaleha. / Nutrient intake pattern of vegetarians and non-vegetarians in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2013 ; Vol. 12, No. 4. pp. 371-376.
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