NR/EPDM elastomeric rubber blend miscibility evaluation by two-level fractional factorial design of experiment

Jeefferie Abd Razak, Sahrim Ahmad, Chantara Thevy Ratnam, Mazlin Aida Mahamood, Juliana Yaakub, Noraiham Mohamad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fractional 2 5 two-level factorial design of experiment (DOE) was applied to systematically prepare the NR/EPDM blend using Haake internal mixer set-up. The process model of rubber blend preparation that correlates the relationships between the mixer process input parameters and the output response of blend compatibility was developed. Model analysis of variance (ANOVA) and model fitting through curve evaluation finalized the R 2 of 99.60% with proposed parametric combination of A = 30/70 NR/EPDM blend ratio; B = 70°C mixing temperature; C = 70 rpm of rotor speed; D = 5 minutes of mixing period and E = 1.30 phr EPDM-g-MAH compatibilizer addition, with overall 0.966 desirability. Model validation with small deviation at +2.09% confirmed the repeatability of the mixing strategy with valid maximum tensile strength output representing the blend miscibility. Theoretical calculation of NR/EPDM blend compatibility is also included and compared. In short, this study provides a brief insight on the utilization of DOE for experimental simplification and parameter inter-correlation studies, especially when dealing with multiple variables during elastomeric rubber blend preparation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium
EditorsZahari Ibrahim, Haja Maideen Kader Maideen, Nazlina Ibrahim, Nurul Huda Abd Karim, Taufik Yusof, Fatimah Abdul Razak, Nurulkamal Maseran, Rozida Mohd Khalid, Noor Baa'yah Ibrahim, Hasidah Mohd. Sidek, Mohd Salmi Md Noorani, Norbert Simon
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages82-89
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780735412507
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event2014 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2014 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 9 Apr 201411 Apr 2014

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1614
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other2014 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2014
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period9/4/1411/4/14

Fingerprint

factorial design
experiment design
rubber
solubility
evaluation
compatibility
rotor speed
analysis of variance
preparation
output
curve fitting
simplification
tensile strength
deviation

Keywords

  • Desirability
  • Inter-correlation
  • Miscibility
  • NR/EPDM blend
  • Output response
  • Parametric combination
  • Twolevel factorial design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Razak, J. A., Ahmad, S., Ratnam, C. T., Mahamood, M. A., Yaakub, J., & Mohamad, N. (2014). NR/EPDM elastomeric rubber blend miscibility evaluation by two-level fractional factorial design of experiment. In Z. Ibrahim, H. M. K. Maideen, N. Ibrahim, N. H. A. Karim, T. Yusof, F. A. Razak, N. Maseran, R. M. Khalid, N. B. Ibrahim, H. M. Sidek, M. S. M. Noorani, ... N. Simon (Eds.), 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium (pp. 82-89). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1614). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895176

NR/EPDM elastomeric rubber blend miscibility evaluation by two-level fractional factorial design of experiment. / Razak, Jeefferie Abd; Ahmad, Sahrim; Ratnam, Chantara Thevy; Mahamood, Mazlin Aida; Yaakub, Juliana; Mohamad, Noraiham.

2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. ed. / Zahari Ibrahim; Haja Maideen Kader Maideen; Nazlina Ibrahim; Nurul Huda Abd Karim; Taufik Yusof; Fatimah Abdul Razak; Nurulkamal Maseran; Rozida Mohd Khalid; Noor Baa'yah Ibrahim; Hasidah Mohd. Sidek; Mohd Salmi Md Noorani; Norbert Simon. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. p. 82-89 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1614).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Razak, JA, Ahmad, S, Ratnam, CT, Mahamood, MA, Yaakub, J & Mohamad, N 2014, NR/EPDM elastomeric rubber blend miscibility evaluation by two-level fractional factorial design of experiment. in Z Ibrahim, HMK Maideen, N Ibrahim, NHA Karim, T Yusof, FA Razak, N Maseran, RM Khalid, NB Ibrahim, HM Sidek, MSM Noorani & N Simon (eds), 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1614, American Institute of Physics Inc., pp. 82-89, 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2014, Selangor, Malaysia, 9/4/14. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895176
Razak JA, Ahmad S, Ratnam CT, Mahamood MA, Yaakub J, Mohamad N. NR/EPDM elastomeric rubber blend miscibility evaluation by two-level fractional factorial design of experiment. In Ibrahim Z, Maideen HMK, Ibrahim N, Karim NHA, Yusof T, Razak FA, Maseran N, Khalid RM, Ibrahim NB, Sidek HM, Noorani MSM, Simon N, editors, 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2014. p. 82-89. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895176
Razak, Jeefferie Abd ; Ahmad, Sahrim ; Ratnam, Chantara Thevy ; Mahamood, Mazlin Aida ; Yaakub, Juliana ; Mohamad, Noraiham. / NR/EPDM elastomeric rubber blend miscibility evaluation by two-level fractional factorial design of experiment. 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. editor / Zahari Ibrahim ; Haja Maideen Kader Maideen ; Nazlina Ibrahim ; Nurul Huda Abd Karim ; Taufik Yusof ; Fatimah Abdul Razak ; Nurulkamal Maseran ; Rozida Mohd Khalid ; Noor Baa'yah Ibrahim ; Hasidah Mohd. Sidek ; Mohd Salmi Md Noorani ; Norbert Simon. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. pp. 82-89 (AIP Conference Proceedings).
@inproceedings{596c53136da440518ee1ca00da5c5a99,
title = "NR/EPDM elastomeric rubber blend miscibility evaluation by two-level fractional factorial design of experiment",
abstract = "Fractional 2 5 two-level factorial design of experiment (DOE) was applied to systematically prepare the NR/EPDM blend using Haake internal mixer set-up. The process model of rubber blend preparation that correlates the relationships between the mixer process input parameters and the output response of blend compatibility was developed. Model analysis of variance (ANOVA) and model fitting through curve evaluation finalized the R 2 of 99.60{\%} with proposed parametric combination of A = 30/70 NR/EPDM blend ratio; B = 70°C mixing temperature; C = 70 rpm of rotor speed; D = 5 minutes of mixing period and E = 1.30 phr EPDM-g-MAH compatibilizer addition, with overall 0.966 desirability. Model validation with small deviation at +2.09{\%} confirmed the repeatability of the mixing strategy with valid maximum tensile strength output representing the blend miscibility. Theoretical calculation of NR/EPDM blend compatibility is also included and compared. In short, this study provides a brief insight on the utilization of DOE for experimental simplification and parameter inter-correlation studies, especially when dealing with multiple variables during elastomeric rubber blend preparation.",
keywords = "Desirability, Inter-correlation, Miscibility, NR/EPDM blend, Output response, Parametric combination, Twolevel factorial design",
author = "Razak, {Jeefferie Abd} and Sahrim Ahmad and Ratnam, {Chantara Thevy} and Mahamood, {Mazlin Aida} and Juliana Yaakub and Noraiham Mohamad",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1063/1.4895176",
language = "English",
series = "AIP Conference Proceedings",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",
pages = "82--89",
editor = "Zahari Ibrahim and Maideen, {Haja Maideen Kader} and Nazlina Ibrahim and Karim, {Nurul Huda Abd} and Taufik Yusof and Razak, {Fatimah Abdul} and Nurulkamal Maseran and Khalid, {Rozida Mohd} and Ibrahim, {Noor Baa'yah} and Sidek, {Hasidah Mohd.} and Noorani, {Mohd Salmi Md} and Norbert Simon",
booktitle = "2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - NR/EPDM elastomeric rubber blend miscibility evaluation by two-level fractional factorial design of experiment

AU - Razak, Jeefferie Abd

AU - Ahmad, Sahrim

AU - Ratnam, Chantara Thevy

AU - Mahamood, Mazlin Aida

AU - Yaakub, Juliana

AU - Mohamad, Noraiham

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Fractional 2 5 two-level factorial design of experiment (DOE) was applied to systematically prepare the NR/EPDM blend using Haake internal mixer set-up. The process model of rubber blend preparation that correlates the relationships between the mixer process input parameters and the output response of blend compatibility was developed. Model analysis of variance (ANOVA) and model fitting through curve evaluation finalized the R 2 of 99.60% with proposed parametric combination of A = 30/70 NR/EPDM blend ratio; B = 70°C mixing temperature; C = 70 rpm of rotor speed; D = 5 minutes of mixing period and E = 1.30 phr EPDM-g-MAH compatibilizer addition, with overall 0.966 desirability. Model validation with small deviation at +2.09% confirmed the repeatability of the mixing strategy with valid maximum tensile strength output representing the blend miscibility. Theoretical calculation of NR/EPDM blend compatibility is also included and compared. In short, this study provides a brief insight on the utilization of DOE for experimental simplification and parameter inter-correlation studies, especially when dealing with multiple variables during elastomeric rubber blend preparation.

AB - Fractional 2 5 two-level factorial design of experiment (DOE) was applied to systematically prepare the NR/EPDM blend using Haake internal mixer set-up. The process model of rubber blend preparation that correlates the relationships between the mixer process input parameters and the output response of blend compatibility was developed. Model analysis of variance (ANOVA) and model fitting through curve evaluation finalized the R 2 of 99.60% with proposed parametric combination of A = 30/70 NR/EPDM blend ratio; B = 70°C mixing temperature; C = 70 rpm of rotor speed; D = 5 minutes of mixing period and E = 1.30 phr EPDM-g-MAH compatibilizer addition, with overall 0.966 desirability. Model validation with small deviation at +2.09% confirmed the repeatability of the mixing strategy with valid maximum tensile strength output representing the blend miscibility. Theoretical calculation of NR/EPDM blend compatibility is also included and compared. In short, this study provides a brief insight on the utilization of DOE for experimental simplification and parameter inter-correlation studies, especially when dealing with multiple variables during elastomeric rubber blend preparation.

KW - Desirability

KW - Inter-correlation

KW - Miscibility

KW - NR/EPDM blend

KW - Output response

KW - Parametric combination

KW - Twolevel factorial design

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84928211930&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84928211930&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4895176

DO - 10.1063/1.4895176

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

SP - 82

EP - 89

BT - 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium

A2 - Ibrahim, Zahari

A2 - Maideen, Haja Maideen Kader

A2 - Ibrahim, Nazlina

A2 - Karim, Nurul Huda Abd

A2 - Yusof, Taufik

A2 - Razak, Fatimah Abdul

A2 - Maseran, Nurulkamal

A2 - Khalid, Rozida Mohd

A2 - Ibrahim, Noor Baa'yah

A2 - Sidek, Hasidah Mohd.

A2 - Noorani, Mohd Salmi Md

A2 - Simon, Norbert

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -