Novel triangular metamaterial design for electromagnetic absorption reduction in human head

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a novel triangular metamaterial (TMM) structure, which exhibits a resounding electric response at microwave frequency, is developed by etching two concentric triangular rings of conducting materials. A finite-difference time-domain method in conjunction with the lossy-Drude model was used in this study. Simulations were performed using the CST Microwave Studio ®. The technique of specific absorption rate (SAR) reduction is discussed, and the effects of the position of attachment, the distance, and the size of the metamaterials on the SAR reduction are explored. The performance of the novel TMMs in cellular phones was also measured in the cheek and the tilted positions using the COMOSAR system. The TMMs achieved a 50.82% reduction for 1 gm SAR. These results provide a guideline to determine the triangular design of metamaterials with the maximum SAR reducing effect for a cellular phone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-478
Number of pages16
JournalProgress in Electromagnetics Research
Volume141
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Electromagnetic wave absorption
Metamaterials
electromagnetic absorption
Finite difference time domain method
Microwave frequencies
Studios
Etching
microwave frequencies
Microwaves
finite difference time domain method
attachment
etching
microwaves
conduction
rings
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Radiation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "In this paper, a novel triangular metamaterial (TMM) structure, which exhibits a resounding electric response at microwave frequency, is developed by etching two concentric triangular rings of conducting materials. A finite-difference time-domain method in conjunction with the lossy-Drude model was used in this study. Simulations were performed using the CST Microwave Studio {\circledR}. The technique of specific absorption rate (SAR) reduction is discussed, and the effects of the position of attachment, the distance, and the size of the metamaterials on the SAR reduction are explored. The performance of the novel TMMs in cellular phones was also measured in the cheek and the tilted positions using the COMOSAR system. The TMMs achieved a 50.82{\%} reduction for 1 gm SAR. These results provide a guideline to determine the triangular design of metamaterials with the maximum SAR reducing effect for a cellular phone.",
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