Noncommunicable diseases among urban refugees and asylum-seekers in developing countries: A neglected health care need

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Abstract

With the increasing trend in refugee urbanisation, growing numbers of refugees are diagnosed with chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). However, with few exceptions, the local and international communities prioritise communicable diseases. The aim of this study is to review the literature to determine the prevalence and distribution of chronic NCDs among urban refugees living in developing countries, to report refugee access to health care for NCDs and to compare the prevalence of NCDs among urban refugees with the prevalence in their home countries. Major search engines and refugee agency websites were systematically searched between June and July 2012 for articles and reports on NCD prevalence among urban refugees. Most studies were conducted in the Middle East and indicated a high prevalence of NCDs among urban refugees in this region, but in general, the prevalence varied by refugees' region or country of origin. Hypertension, musculoskeletal disease, diabetes and chronic respiratory disease were the major diseases observed. In general, most urban refugees in developing countries have adequate access to primary health care services. Further investigations are needed to document the burden of NCDs among urban refugees and to identify their need for health care in developing countries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number24
JournalGlobalization and Health
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2014

Fingerprint

Refugees
Developing Countries
Delivery of Health Care
Health Services Accessibility
Chronic Disease
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Search Engine
Urbanization
Middle East
Health Services
Communicable Diseases
Primary Health Care
Hypertension

Keywords

  • Asylum-seeker
  • Developing countries
  • Health care
  • Noncommunicable disease
  • Refugee
  • Urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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