Non-pesticidal treatments as management practice for codling moth Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortericidae)

Muhammad Rahim Khan, Muhammad Rafique Khan, Idris Abd. Ghani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The study was conducted to find out the combined effect of multiple non-pesticidal treatments to test the commercial dispensers of synthetic chemicals as mating disruptants in conjunction with biological control and spray of organic oils, simultaneously. The eggs of Trichogramma planteri were also released in an entire orchard to supplement the other pest management practices. The pheromone traps were fixed with the beginning of the eggs hatching to monitor the population. The results show that the overall effect of non-pesticidal practices were significantly encouraging in decreasing the population of the pests as compared with untreated orchards. The natural enemies alone were not effective in keeping populations below economic levels. Similarly, the organic oils were also mildly effective when applied alone as compared with the phytotoxic spray or applied at higher rates during the hot weather. The early overwintering of larvae, during 3rd week of August was seen in the areas treated with only organic oil as compared to non-treated trees where normally happened in early November. Only two successive generations signalled from the pheromones traps and there was no third generation found in most parts of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Some of mating disruptants were proved very effective on larger blocks of the trees of uniform size. The factors affecting the trap counts were tree size, trap density, type of trap, trap placement, brand of pheromone and the climatic conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-294
Number of pages4
JournalPakistan Journal of Zoology
Volume42
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Cydia pomonella
traps
Lepidoptera
pheromone traps
oils
orchards
dispensers
Trichogramma
pest management
natural enemies
overwintering
pheromones
biological control
weather
hatching
pests
India
economics
monitoring
larvae

Keywords

  • Codling moth
  • Degree days
  • Mating disruptant
  • Non-pesticidal treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Non-pesticidal treatments as management practice for codling moth Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera : Tortericidae). / Khan, Muhammad Rahim; Khan, Muhammad Rafique; Abd. Ghani, Idris.

In: Pakistan Journal of Zoology, Vol. 42, No. 3, 2010, p. 291-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khan, Muhammad Rahim ; Khan, Muhammad Rafique ; Abd. Ghani, Idris. / Non-pesticidal treatments as management practice for codling moth Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera : Tortericidae). In: Pakistan Journal of Zoology. 2010 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 291-294.
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