New generation of carbon nanocomposite proton exchange membranes in microbial fuel cell systems

Mostafa Ghasemi, Samaneh Shahgaldi, Manal Ismail, Zahira Yaakob, Wan Ramli Wan Daud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, self-made carbon nanofiber (CNF)/Nafion and activated carbon nanofiber (ACNF)/Nafion nanocomposite membranes are fabricated and tested in a microbial fuel cell. The data are compared with Nafion 117 as a common membrane in MFCs and Nafion 112. The electrospinning method was used for the production of CNFs. This method is chosen because it is simple, highly cost effective, and the most prolific method of all that could be used to produce CNF. Nanocomposite membranes are used because they had higher production power and coulombic efficiency (CE) than Nafion 117 and Nafion 112 in MFC systems. The results reveal that the system is operated by the ACNF/Nafion membrane produce the highest voltage of 57.64mWm -2, while Nafion 112 produces the lowest power density (13.99mWm -2).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-89
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume184
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
Carbon nanofibers
fuel cell
Protons
Ion exchange
Nanocomposites
Carbon
membrane
Membranes
carbon
Activated carbon
activated carbon
Electrospinning
perfluorosulfonic acid
Electric potential
cost
method
Costs

Keywords

  • Carbon nanocomposite
  • Coulombic efficiency
  • Microbial fuel cell
  • Power density
  • Proton exchange membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

New generation of carbon nanocomposite proton exchange membranes in microbial fuel cell systems. / Ghasemi, Mostafa; Shahgaldi, Samaneh; Ismail, Manal; Yaakob, Zahira; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 184, 01.03.2012, p. 82-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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