Negative-positive security and the United States

Mohammad Agus Yusoff, Fakhreddin Soltani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The traditional approach to security is rooted in a strategy of balance of power among great powers and hence national security was based on situational interpretation of the concept among the great powers. Two negative and positive approaches have been used by states to interpret the concept of domestic security and national security. During the Cold War, the USA and the USSR applied negative approaches, and by generalizing the interpretation of their national interests to their spheres of influence, internationalized the concept. In other words, their security was not limited to national borders, and survival was defined in more vast manner. By the end of the Cold War, a positive approach was undertaken by the United States through emphasizing the democratic peace theory. The events of September 11th, 2001, showed that new forms of challenges such as terrorism have replaced traditional threats to security. To manage the crises sprung out of new challenges, they needed a different kind of approach. This article will explain the security approaches which were applied by the United States during three periods; the Cold War, post-Cold War, and after the events of September 11th.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-249
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Social Science
Volume8
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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cold war
great power
national security
domestic security
interpretation
national border
event
balance of power
USSR
terrorism
peace
threat
Cold War
September 11 attacks
National security
National Security
September 11 Attacks

Keywords

  • Cold war
  • Positive/negative security
  • Post cold war
  • September 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

Negative-positive security and the United States. / Yusoff, Mohammad Agus; Soltani, Fakhreddin.

In: Asian Social Science, Vol. 8, No. 15, 2012, p. 244-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yusoff, Mohammad Agus ; Soltani, Fakhreddin. / Negative-positive security and the United States. In: Asian Social Science. 2012 ; Vol. 8, No. 15. pp. 244-249.
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