Natural dye extracted from Pandannus amaryllifolius leaves as sensitizer in fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells

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Abstract

A dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was fabricated with natural chlorophyll dye extracted from pandan (Pandannus amaryllifolius) leaves as natural sensitizer. Chlorophyll dye was extracted from pandan leaves using different organic solvents, namely, ethanol, acetonitrile, chloroform, ethyl ether, and methanol, to determine the effects of solvent type on the extraction. The optical and structural properties of the natural extract were also analyzed. UV-Vis spectrophotometer and Fourier transmission infrared studies (FTIR) indicated the presence of chlorophyll in pandan leaves. The absorption spectrum of the dye extract was compared with that of the dye adsorbed onto the TiO2 surface. The dye structure was then confirmed through X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The effectiveness of electron transfer was found to be related to the interaction between the chlorophyll dye and the TiO2 film surface. The morphological properties and composition of dyes were analyzed through scanning electron microscope (SEM) and EDX studies. The photovoltaic response of DSSC was investigated by recording I-V characteristics under illumination. DSSC sensitized with the pandan extract yielded the following parameters: Isc = 0.4 mA, Voc = 0.559 V, Pmax = 0.1 W, FF = 60.51% and η = 0.1%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-761
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Electrochemical Science
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Coloring Agents
Dyes
Fabrication
Chlorophyll
Ultraviolet spectrophotometers
Infrared transmission
Chloroform
Chlorine compounds
Dye-sensitized solar cells
Acetonitrile
Ether
Organic solvents
X ray diffraction analysis
Methanol
Structural properties
Absorption spectra
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Ethers
Ethanol
Electron microscopes

Keywords

  • Chlorophyll
  • DSSC
  • Pandannus amaryllifolius
  • Sensitizers
  • Solvents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Natural dye extracted from Pandannus amaryllifolius leaves as sensitizer in fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells",
abstract = "A dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was fabricated with natural chlorophyll dye extracted from pandan (Pandannus amaryllifolius) leaves as natural sensitizer. Chlorophyll dye was extracted from pandan leaves using different organic solvents, namely, ethanol, acetonitrile, chloroform, ethyl ether, and methanol, to determine the effects of solvent type on the extraction. The optical and structural properties of the natural extract were also analyzed. UV-Vis spectrophotometer and Fourier transmission infrared studies (FTIR) indicated the presence of chlorophyll in pandan leaves. The absorption spectrum of the dye extract was compared with that of the dye adsorbed onto the TiO2 surface. The dye structure was then confirmed through X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The effectiveness of electron transfer was found to be related to the interaction between the chlorophyll dye and the TiO2 film surface. The morphological properties and composition of dyes were analyzed through scanning electron microscope (SEM) and EDX studies. The photovoltaic response of DSSC was investigated by recording I-V characteristics under illumination. DSSC sensitized with the pandan extract yielded the following parameters: Isc = 0.4 mA, Voc = 0.559 V, Pmax = 0.1 W, FF = 60.51{\%} and η = 0.1{\%}.",
keywords = "Chlorophyll, DSSC, Pandannus amaryllifolius, Sensitizers, Solvents",
author = "Al-Alwani, {Mahmoud A M} and Mohamad, {Abu Bakar} and Kadhum, {Abdul Amir H.} and {Ahmad Ludin}, Norasikin and Safie, {N. E.} and Razali, {M. Z.} and Manal Ismail and Kamaruzzaman Sopian",
year = "2017",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Natural dye extracted from Pandannus amaryllifolius leaves as sensitizer in fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cells

AU - Al-Alwani, Mahmoud A M

AU - Mohamad, Abu Bakar

AU - Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.

AU - Ahmad Ludin, Norasikin

AU - Safie, N. E.

AU - Razali, M. Z.

AU - Ismail, Manal

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - A dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was fabricated with natural chlorophyll dye extracted from pandan (Pandannus amaryllifolius) leaves as natural sensitizer. Chlorophyll dye was extracted from pandan leaves using different organic solvents, namely, ethanol, acetonitrile, chloroform, ethyl ether, and methanol, to determine the effects of solvent type on the extraction. The optical and structural properties of the natural extract were also analyzed. UV-Vis spectrophotometer and Fourier transmission infrared studies (FTIR) indicated the presence of chlorophyll in pandan leaves. The absorption spectrum of the dye extract was compared with that of the dye adsorbed onto the TiO2 surface. The dye structure was then confirmed through X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The effectiveness of electron transfer was found to be related to the interaction between the chlorophyll dye and the TiO2 film surface. The morphological properties and composition of dyes were analyzed through scanning electron microscope (SEM) and EDX studies. The photovoltaic response of DSSC was investigated by recording I-V characteristics under illumination. DSSC sensitized with the pandan extract yielded the following parameters: Isc = 0.4 mA, Voc = 0.559 V, Pmax = 0.1 W, FF = 60.51% and η = 0.1%.

AB - A dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was fabricated with natural chlorophyll dye extracted from pandan (Pandannus amaryllifolius) leaves as natural sensitizer. Chlorophyll dye was extracted from pandan leaves using different organic solvents, namely, ethanol, acetonitrile, chloroform, ethyl ether, and methanol, to determine the effects of solvent type on the extraction. The optical and structural properties of the natural extract were also analyzed. UV-Vis spectrophotometer and Fourier transmission infrared studies (FTIR) indicated the presence of chlorophyll in pandan leaves. The absorption spectrum of the dye extract was compared with that of the dye adsorbed onto the TiO2 surface. The dye structure was then confirmed through X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The effectiveness of electron transfer was found to be related to the interaction between the chlorophyll dye and the TiO2 film surface. The morphological properties and composition of dyes were analyzed through scanning electron microscope (SEM) and EDX studies. The photovoltaic response of DSSC was investigated by recording I-V characteristics under illumination. DSSC sensitized with the pandan extract yielded the following parameters: Isc = 0.4 mA, Voc = 0.559 V, Pmax = 0.1 W, FF = 60.51% and η = 0.1%.

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KW - Pandannus amaryllifolius

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