Nations' income inequality predicts ambivalence in stereotype content

How societies mind the gap

Federica Durante, Susan T. Fiske, Nicolas Kervyn, Amy J C Cuddy, Adebowale Debo Akande, Bolanle E. Adetoun, Modupe F. Adewuyi, Magdeline M. Tserere, Ananthi Al Ramiah, Khairul Anwar @ Johari Mastor, Fiona Kate Barlow, Gregory Bonn, Romin W. Tafarodi, Janine Bosak, Ed Cairns, Claire Doherty, Dora Capozza, Anjana Chandran, Xenia Chryssochoou, Tilemachos Iatridis & 17 others Juan Manuel Contreras, Rui Costa-Lopes, Roberto González, Janet I. Lewis, Gerald Tushabe, Jacques Philippe Leyens, Renée Mayorga, Nadim N. Rouhana, Vanessa Smith Castro, Rolando Perez, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón, Miguel Moya, Elena Morales Marente, Marisol Palacios Gálvez, Chris G. Sibley, Frank Asbrock, Chiara C. Storari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Income inequality undermines societies: The more inequality, the more health problems, social tensions, and the lower social mobility, trust, life expectancy. Given people's tendency to legitimate existing social arrangements, the stereotype content model (SCM) argues that ambivalence-perceiving many groups as either warm or competent, but not both-may help maintain socio-economic disparities. The association between stereotype ambivalence and income inequality in 37 cross-national samples from Europe, the Americas, Oceania, Asia, and Africa investigates how groups' overall warmth-competence, status-competence, and competition-warmth correlations vary across societies, and whether these variations associate with income inequality (Gini index). More unequal societies report more ambivalent stereotypes, whereas more equal ones dislike competitive groups and do not necessarily respect them as competent. Unequal societies may need ambivalence for system stability: Income inequality compensates groups with partially positive social images.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-746
Number of pages21
JournalBritish Journal of Social Psychology
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

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Mental Competency
Social Mobility
Oceania
Social Problems
Life Expectancy
Economics
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Durante, F., Fiske, S. T., Kervyn, N., Cuddy, A. J. C., Akande, A. D., Adetoun, B. E., ... Storari, C. C. (2013). Nations' income inequality predicts ambivalence in stereotype content: How societies mind the gap. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52(4), 726-746. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12005

Nations' income inequality predicts ambivalence in stereotype content : How societies mind the gap. / Durante, Federica; Fiske, Susan T.; Kervyn, Nicolas; Cuddy, Amy J C; Akande, Adebowale Debo; Adetoun, Bolanle E.; Adewuyi, Modupe F.; Tserere, Magdeline M.; Ramiah, Ananthi Al; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari; Barlow, Fiona Kate; Bonn, Gregory; Tafarodi, Romin W.; Bosak, Janine; Cairns, Ed; Doherty, Claire; Capozza, Dora; Chandran, Anjana; Chryssochoou, Xenia; Iatridis, Tilemachos; Contreras, Juan Manuel; Costa-Lopes, Rui; González, Roberto; Lewis, Janet I.; Tushabe, Gerald; Leyens, Jacques Philippe; Mayorga, Renée; Rouhana, Nadim N.; Castro, Vanessa Smith; Perez, Rolando; Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa; Moya, Miguel; Morales Marente, Elena; Palacios Gálvez, Marisol; Sibley, Chris G.; Asbrock, Frank; Storari, Chiara C.

In: British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 52, No. 4, 12.2013, p. 726-746.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Durante, F, Fiske, ST, Kervyn, N, Cuddy, AJC, Akande, AD, Adetoun, BE, Adewuyi, MF, Tserere, MM, Ramiah, AA, Mastor, KAJ, Barlow, FK, Bonn, G, Tafarodi, RW, Bosak, J, Cairns, E, Doherty, C, Capozza, D, Chandran, A, Chryssochoou, X, Iatridis, T, Contreras, JM, Costa-Lopes, R, González, R, Lewis, JI, Tushabe, G, Leyens, JP, Mayorga, R, Rouhana, NN, Castro, VS, Perez, R, Rodríguez-Bailón, R, Moya, M, Morales Marente, E, Palacios Gálvez, M, Sibley, CG, Asbrock, F & Storari, CC 2013, 'Nations' income inequality predicts ambivalence in stereotype content: How societies mind the gap', British Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 726-746. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12005
Durante, Federica ; Fiske, Susan T. ; Kervyn, Nicolas ; Cuddy, Amy J C ; Akande, Adebowale Debo ; Adetoun, Bolanle E. ; Adewuyi, Modupe F. ; Tserere, Magdeline M. ; Ramiah, Ananthi Al ; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari ; Barlow, Fiona Kate ; Bonn, Gregory ; Tafarodi, Romin W. ; Bosak, Janine ; Cairns, Ed ; Doherty, Claire ; Capozza, Dora ; Chandran, Anjana ; Chryssochoou, Xenia ; Iatridis, Tilemachos ; Contreras, Juan Manuel ; Costa-Lopes, Rui ; González, Roberto ; Lewis, Janet I. ; Tushabe, Gerald ; Leyens, Jacques Philippe ; Mayorga, Renée ; Rouhana, Nadim N. ; Castro, Vanessa Smith ; Perez, Rolando ; Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa ; Moya, Miguel ; Morales Marente, Elena ; Palacios Gálvez, Marisol ; Sibley, Chris G. ; Asbrock, Frank ; Storari, Chiara C. / Nations' income inequality predicts ambivalence in stereotype content : How societies mind the gap. In: British Journal of Social Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 52, No. 4. pp. 726-746.
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