Nanoporous separators for supercapacitor using activated carbon monolith electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches

N. S M Nor, Mohamad Deraman, Ramli Omar, E. Taer, Awitdrus, R. Farma, N. H. Basri, B. N M Dolah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activated porous carbon electrode prepared from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunches was used for preparing the carbon based supercapacitor cells. The symmetrical supercapacitor cells were fabricated using carbon electrodes, stainless steel current collector, H2SO4 electrolyte, and three types of nanoporous separators. Cells A, B and C were fabricated using polypropylene, eggshell membrane, and filter paper, respectively. Electrochemical characterizations data from Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, Cyclic Voltammetry, and Galvanic Charge Discharge techniques showed that specific capacitance, specific power and specific energy for cell A were 122 F g-1, 177 W kg-1, 3.42 Wh kg-1, cell B; 125 F g-1, 179 W kg-1, and 3.64 Wh kg-1, and cell C; 180 F g-1, 178 W kg-1, 4.27 Wh kg-1. All the micrographs from Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope showed that the different in nanoporous structure of the separators lead to a significant different in influencing the values of specific capacitance, power and energy of supercapacitors, which is associated with the mobility of ion into the pore network. These results indicated that the filter paper was superior than the eggshell membrane and polypropylene nanoporous separators. However, we found that in terms of acidic resistance, polypropylene was the best nanoporous separator for acidic medium.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages68-73
Number of pages6
Volume1586
ISBN (Print)9780735412187
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event5th Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Symposium, NNS 2013 - Surabaya
Duration: 23 Oct 201325 Oct 2013

Other

Other5th Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Symposium, NNS 2013
CitySurabaya
Period23/10/1325/10/13

Fingerprint

fruits
electrochemical capacitors
activated carbon
separators
oils
electrodes
cells
polypropylene
carbon
capacitance
membranes
filters
accumulators
stainless steels
field emission
electron microscopes
electrolytes
impedance
porosity
scanning

Keywords

  • Carbon
  • Electrode
  • Membrane
  • Nanoporous
  • Supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Nor, N. S. M., Deraman, M., Omar, R., Taer, E., Awitdrus, Farma, R., ... Dolah, B. N. M. (2014). Nanoporous separators for supercapacitor using activated carbon monolith electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1586, pp. 68-73). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866732

Nanoporous separators for supercapacitor using activated carbon monolith electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches. / Nor, N. S M; Deraman, Mohamad; Omar, Ramli; Taer, E.; Awitdrus; Farma, R.; Basri, N. H.; Dolah, B. N M.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1586 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. p. 68-73.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nor, NSM, Deraman, M, Omar, R, Taer, E, Awitdrus, Farma, R, Basri, NH & Dolah, BNM 2014, Nanoporous separators for supercapacitor using activated carbon monolith electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1586, American Institute of Physics Inc., pp. 68-73, 5th Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Symposium, NNS 2013, Surabaya, 23/10/13. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866732
Nor NSM, Deraman M, Omar R, Taer E, Awitdrus, Farma R et al. Nanoporous separators for supercapacitor using activated carbon monolith electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1586. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2014. p. 68-73 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4866732
Nor, N. S M ; Deraman, Mohamad ; Omar, Ramli ; Taer, E. ; Awitdrus ; Farma, R. ; Basri, N. H. ; Dolah, B. N M. / Nanoporous separators for supercapacitor using activated carbon monolith electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1586 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. pp. 68-73
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