Nanocatalyst for direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

198 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanotechnology has recently been applied to direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC), one of the most suitable and promising options for portable devices. With characteristics such as low working temperature, high energy-conversion efficiency and low emission of pollutants, DMFCs may help solve the future energy crisis. However, a significant limitation to DMFC includes slow reaction kinetics, which reduces performance and power output. Recently, research has focused on increasing the performance and activity of catalysts. Catalysts composed of small, metallic particles, such as platinum and ruthenium, supported on nanocarbons or metal oxides are widely used in DMFC. Thus, this paper presents an overview of the development of nanocatalysts for DMFC. Particularly, this review focuses on nanocatalyst structure, catalyst support, and challenges in the synthesis of nanocatalyst. This paper also presents computational approaches for theoretical modeling of nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes (CNT) through molecular dynamic techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7957-7970
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume35
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

Fingerprint

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
fuel cells
methyl alcohol
catalysts
energy conversion efficiency
nanotechnology
Catalysts
ruthenium
contaminants
metal oxides
reaction kinetics
platinum
Ruthenium
Nanotechnology
Energy conversion
Catalyst supports
Nanostructured materials
Reaction kinetics
carbon nanotubes
Conversion efficiency

Keywords

  • CNT
  • Direct methanol fuel cell
  • Nano material
  • Nanocatalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Nanocatalyst for direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). / Basri, S.; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Yaakob, Zahira.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 35, No. 15, 08.2010, p. 7957-7970.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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