Multiple-solute salts as draw solution for osmotic concentration of succinate feed by forward osmosis

Jeng Yih Law, Abdul Wahab Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the use of multiple-solute salts as potential draw solution (DS) for forward osmosis (FO) process. The novel concept of applying readily available waste byproducts as DS is briefly described in this paper. Two organic salts (sodium acetate and sodium formate) were used as draw solutes. The results indicated that the water flux performance was consistent with the osmotic pressure of the DS and that the binary-solute DS (each with 0.5. M concentration) was capable of achieving comparable water flux compared to the 1.0. M single-solute DS. Considering the variation of byproduct concentration during fermentation, a newly developed ternary-solute DS is introduced by employing NaCl additive. The physicochemical properties including osmotic pressure and viscosity were calculated by OLI Stream Analyzer software. Coupling these organic salts with NaCl demonstrated improvement of the DS including osmotic pressure and water flux. Succinate rejections of greater than 99% were obtained indicating insignificant succinate loss to the DS compartment. Although an increase of the reverse chloride flux was observed at increasing NaCl additive concentration, the acetate and formate ions demonstrated reduction of specific reverse solute flux attributed to higher water flux shown by ternary-solute DS.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 27 Nov 2016

Fingerprint

Osmosis
Succinic Acid
Salts
formic acid
Fluxes
Water
Byproducts
Sodium
Sodium Acetate
Fermentation
Chlorides
Acetates
Viscosity
Ions

Keywords

  • Forward osmosis
  • Multiple-solute draw solution
  • Organic salt
  • Osmotic pressure
  • Succinate transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Multiple-solute salts as draw solution for osmotic concentration of succinate feed by forward osmosis",
abstract = "This study investigated the use of multiple-solute salts as potential draw solution (DS) for forward osmosis (FO) process. The novel concept of applying readily available waste byproducts as DS is briefly described in this paper. Two organic salts (sodium acetate and sodium formate) were used as draw solutes. The results indicated that the water flux performance was consistent with the osmotic pressure of the DS and that the binary-solute DS (each with 0.5. M concentration) was capable of achieving comparable water flux compared to the 1.0. M single-solute DS. Considering the variation of byproduct concentration during fermentation, a newly developed ternary-solute DS is introduced by employing NaCl additive. The physicochemical properties including osmotic pressure and viscosity were calculated by OLI Stream Analyzer software. Coupling these organic salts with NaCl demonstrated improvement of the DS including osmotic pressure and water flux. Succinate rejections of greater than 99{\%} were obtained indicating insignificant succinate loss to the DS compartment. Although an increase of the reverse chloride flux was observed at increasing NaCl additive concentration, the acetate and formate ions demonstrated reduction of specific reverse solute flux attributed to higher water flux shown by ternary-solute DS.",
keywords = "Forward osmosis, Multiple-solute draw solution, Organic salt, Osmotic pressure, Succinate transport",
author = "Law, {Jeng Yih} and Mohammad, {Abdul Wahab}",
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AU - Law, Jeng Yih

AU - Mohammad, Abdul Wahab

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N2 - This study investigated the use of multiple-solute salts as potential draw solution (DS) for forward osmosis (FO) process. The novel concept of applying readily available waste byproducts as DS is briefly described in this paper. Two organic salts (sodium acetate and sodium formate) were used as draw solutes. The results indicated that the water flux performance was consistent with the osmotic pressure of the DS and that the binary-solute DS (each with 0.5. M concentration) was capable of achieving comparable water flux compared to the 1.0. M single-solute DS. Considering the variation of byproduct concentration during fermentation, a newly developed ternary-solute DS is introduced by employing NaCl additive. The physicochemical properties including osmotic pressure and viscosity were calculated by OLI Stream Analyzer software. Coupling these organic salts with NaCl demonstrated improvement of the DS including osmotic pressure and water flux. Succinate rejections of greater than 99% were obtained indicating insignificant succinate loss to the DS compartment. Although an increase of the reverse chloride flux was observed at increasing NaCl additive concentration, the acetate and formate ions demonstrated reduction of specific reverse solute flux attributed to higher water flux shown by ternary-solute DS.

AB - This study investigated the use of multiple-solute salts as potential draw solution (DS) for forward osmosis (FO) process. The novel concept of applying readily available waste byproducts as DS is briefly described in this paper. Two organic salts (sodium acetate and sodium formate) were used as draw solutes. The results indicated that the water flux performance was consistent with the osmotic pressure of the DS and that the binary-solute DS (each with 0.5. M concentration) was capable of achieving comparable water flux compared to the 1.0. M single-solute DS. Considering the variation of byproduct concentration during fermentation, a newly developed ternary-solute DS is introduced by employing NaCl additive. The physicochemical properties including osmotic pressure and viscosity were calculated by OLI Stream Analyzer software. Coupling these organic salts with NaCl demonstrated improvement of the DS including osmotic pressure and water flux. Succinate rejections of greater than 99% were obtained indicating insignificant succinate loss to the DS compartment. Although an increase of the reverse chloride flux was observed at increasing NaCl additive concentration, the acetate and formate ions demonstrated reduction of specific reverse solute flux attributed to higher water flux shown by ternary-solute DS.

KW - Forward osmosis

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KW - Osmotic pressure

KW - Succinate transport

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