Multiculturalism and higher education in Malaysia

Rozita Ibrahim, Nazri Muslim, Ahmad Hidayat Buang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of multiculturalism relates to the understanding of various contexts and experiences of diversity. Multiculturalism can be described as a process that is contextualised to a particular country and it involves active management by the respective government. This active management requires a balancing act between respect for differences across society and efforts towards achieving a common ground, which is often translated as the realisation of the national identity. In this paper, we will illustrate the process of multiculturalism in Malaysia by focusing on the development of higher education and its relation to nation building. Our study is based on the review of relevant literature and documents related to the history and development of higher education in Malaysia and its connections to ethnic relation and nation building. In the Malaysian context, multicultural society is often portrayed by the three major ethnic groups namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. Ethnicity is also an important aspect in the identification of one's religion as well as giving a clue of their affiliated political parties. This paper will highlight the various phases in the development of Malaysian higher education from the colonial times to the current globalisation era. We argue that this long history and negotiation between the government and ethnic groups in the country has provided the context and particularities of Malaysian multiculturalism.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProcedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
Pages1003-1009
Number of pages7
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event3rd World Conference on Educational Sciences, WCES-2011 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 3 Feb 20117 Feb 2011

Other

Other3rd World Conference on Educational Sciences, WCES-2011
CountryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Period3/2/117/2/11

Fingerprint

Cultural Diversity
Malaysia
multicultural society
Education
Ethnic Groups
education
state formation
History
ethnic group
Internationality
Negotiating
Religion
history
management
national identity
respect
ethnicity
globalization
experience

Keywords

  • Ethnic relations
  • Higher education
  • Malaysia
  • Multiculturalism
  • Nation building
  • Plural society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Ibrahim, R., Muslim, N., & Buang, A. H. (2011). Multiculturalism and higher education in Malaysia. In Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences (Vol. 15, pp. 1003-1009) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.229

Multiculturalism and higher education in Malaysia. / Ibrahim, Rozita; Muslim, Nazri; Buang, Ahmad Hidayat.

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 15 2011. p. 1003-1009.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ibrahim, R, Muslim, N & Buang, AH 2011, Multiculturalism and higher education in Malaysia. in Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. vol. 15, pp. 1003-1009, 3rd World Conference on Educational Sciences, WCES-2011, Istanbul, Turkey, 3/2/11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.229
Ibrahim R, Muslim N, Buang AH. Multiculturalism and higher education in Malaysia. In Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 15. 2011. p. 1003-1009 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.229
Ibrahim, Rozita ; Muslim, Nazri ; Buang, Ahmad Hidayat. / Multiculturalism and higher education in Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 15 2011. pp. 1003-1009
@inproceedings{e43c598e3f674e0e8aa0425b1bfde4d1,
title = "Multiculturalism and higher education in Malaysia",
abstract = "The study of multiculturalism relates to the understanding of various contexts and experiences of diversity. Multiculturalism can be described as a process that is contextualised to a particular country and it involves active management by the respective government. This active management requires a balancing act between respect for differences across society and efforts towards achieving a common ground, which is often translated as the realisation of the national identity. In this paper, we will illustrate the process of multiculturalism in Malaysia by focusing on the development of higher education and its relation to nation building. Our study is based on the review of relevant literature and documents related to the history and development of higher education in Malaysia and its connections to ethnic relation and nation building. In the Malaysian context, multicultural society is often portrayed by the three major ethnic groups namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. Ethnicity is also an important aspect in the identification of one's religion as well as giving a clue of their affiliated political parties. This paper will highlight the various phases in the development of Malaysian higher education from the colonial times to the current globalisation era. We argue that this long history and negotiation between the government and ethnic groups in the country has provided the context and particularities of Malaysian multiculturalism.",
keywords = "Ethnic relations, Higher education, Malaysia, Multiculturalism, Nation building, Plural society",
author = "Rozita Ibrahim and Nazri Muslim and Buang, {Ahmad Hidayat}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.229",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "1003--1009",
booktitle = "Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Multiculturalism and higher education in Malaysia

AU - Ibrahim, Rozita

AU - Muslim, Nazri

AU - Buang, Ahmad Hidayat

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The study of multiculturalism relates to the understanding of various contexts and experiences of diversity. Multiculturalism can be described as a process that is contextualised to a particular country and it involves active management by the respective government. This active management requires a balancing act between respect for differences across society and efforts towards achieving a common ground, which is often translated as the realisation of the national identity. In this paper, we will illustrate the process of multiculturalism in Malaysia by focusing on the development of higher education and its relation to nation building. Our study is based on the review of relevant literature and documents related to the history and development of higher education in Malaysia and its connections to ethnic relation and nation building. In the Malaysian context, multicultural society is often portrayed by the three major ethnic groups namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. Ethnicity is also an important aspect in the identification of one's religion as well as giving a clue of their affiliated political parties. This paper will highlight the various phases in the development of Malaysian higher education from the colonial times to the current globalisation era. We argue that this long history and negotiation between the government and ethnic groups in the country has provided the context and particularities of Malaysian multiculturalism.

AB - The study of multiculturalism relates to the understanding of various contexts and experiences of diversity. Multiculturalism can be described as a process that is contextualised to a particular country and it involves active management by the respective government. This active management requires a balancing act between respect for differences across society and efforts towards achieving a common ground, which is often translated as the realisation of the national identity. In this paper, we will illustrate the process of multiculturalism in Malaysia by focusing on the development of higher education and its relation to nation building. Our study is based on the review of relevant literature and documents related to the history and development of higher education in Malaysia and its connections to ethnic relation and nation building. In the Malaysian context, multicultural society is often portrayed by the three major ethnic groups namely the Malays, Chinese and Indians. Ethnicity is also an important aspect in the identification of one's religion as well as giving a clue of their affiliated political parties. This paper will highlight the various phases in the development of Malaysian higher education from the colonial times to the current globalisation era. We argue that this long history and negotiation between the government and ethnic groups in the country has provided the context and particularities of Malaysian multiculturalism.

KW - Ethnic relations

KW - Higher education

KW - Malaysia

KW - Multiculturalism

KW - Nation building

KW - Plural society

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84858766507&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84858766507&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.229

DO - 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.229

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84858766507

VL - 15

SP - 1003

EP - 1009

BT - Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences

ER -