Multi-sources model and control algorithm of an energy management system for light electric vehicles

Hannan M A, F. A. Azidin, Azah Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the multi-sources energy models and ruled based feedback control algorithm of an energy management system (EMS) for light electric vehicle (LEV), i.e., scooters. The multiple sources of energy, such as a battery, fuel cell (FC) and super-capacitor (SC), EMS and power controller, DC machine and vehicle dynamics are designed and modeled using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The developed control strategies continuously support the EMS of the multiple sources of energy for a scooter under normal and heavy power load conditions. The performance of the proposed system is analyzed and compared with that of the ECE-47 test drive cycle in terms of vehicle speed and load power. The results show that the designed vehicle's speed and load power closely match those of the ECE-47 test driving cycle under normal and heavy load conditions. This study's results suggest that the proposed control algorithm provides an efficient and feasible EMS for LEV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume62
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Fingerprint

Energy management systems
Electric vehicles
Fuel cells
MATLAB
Feedback control
Capacitors
Controllers

Keywords

  • Battery
  • Control state
  • Energy management system
  • Fuel cell
  • Super-capacitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Multi-sources model and control algorithm of an energy management system for light electric vehicles. / M A, Hannan; Azidin, F. A.; Mohamed, Azah.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 62, 10.2012, p. 123-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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