Moving towards decentralization in Malaysian secondary school english language curriculum (ELC): A theoretical framework

Nor Hashima Mohd Sukor, Abu Bakar Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

"One size fits all"; a statement that precisely describes the Malaysian current education system where the school system and the curriculum are centralized under the Ministry of Education (MoE). Hence, teachers are prescribed by the ministry with the curriculum, syllabi, textbooks and materials for them to use in class. In other words, it can be safely concluded that the current education system is purely centralized as teachers act as implementors of the curriculum provided by the MoE. Without devaluing the importance, benefits and success of the centralized system of education, there is however undeniably a need to review the role of teachers in curriculum development to ensure that the curriculum is able to produce competent students and that are able to compete in the global world too. In order to achieve this, a change in the teacher's role is required and one of the ways that can be done is by providing more autonomy to teachers in curriculum development. Unlike the current system, teachers should be given more autonomy to decide among others, the content of curriculum, materials to be brought into class and methods of evaluating and assessing students. Nevertheless, it must be noted that transforming a 52-year-old tradition is no easy feat. Many factors must be addressed namely teachers, parents, students, curriculum decision makers and the MoE. Hence, the purpose of this study is to propose a framework that can be used as a guideline to transform the current practice of a centralized curriculum to a decentralized one by involving teachers in the process of curriculum development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-250
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Learning
Volume17
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

decentralization
English language
secondary school
curriculum
teacher
Ministry of Education
curriculum development
education system
autonomy
the ministry
teacher's role
student
syllabus
school system
textbook
decision maker
parents
education

Keywords

  • Centralized curriculum
  • Curriculum
  • Decentralized curriculum
  • Teacher autonomy
  • Teachers role in curriculum development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Moving towards decentralization in Malaysian secondary school english language curriculum (ELC) : A theoretical framework. / Sukor, Nor Hashima Mohd; Ibrahim, Abu Bakar.

In: International Journal of Learning, Vol. 17, No. 10, 2011, p. 237-250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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