Motorcycle accidents and prevention programs in Malaysia

Roszalina Ramli, Roslan Abdul Rahman, Radin Umar Radin Sohadi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Asian Development Bank (ADB) showed that road crashes killed more than 75,000 people in ASEAN in 2003 and it cost more than 2.2 percent of the region's annual gross domestic product (GDP). Malaysia as one of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries is a developing nation encompassing approximately 25 million population comprising Malays, Chinese, Indians and other races. Road traffic accident (RTA) is a major issue in this country as it is the predominant cause of mortality and morbidity in young people. In 2006, RTA resulted in 6287 fatalities and 58% or 3683 were fatalities involving motorcyclists and the leading cause of death was head injuries as a result of non-wearing or not securing the helmets properly. Safety Planning Matrix which was based from the Haddon Matrix was introduced comprising pre-crash, crash and post-crash strategies involving human, vehicle and environment factors. Human and environmental safety programs are among the most extensively addressed and implemented. Human prevention program involves behavior modification and police enforcement program. Behavior modification program is directed largely at young road users especially motorcyclists and this mainly involves the media and television commercials. Safety and speed limit awareness are the key features in the police enforcement program. Under the environmental safety program, exposure control program involves encouraging commuters to use other modes of transport to reduce them from being physically exposed to bodily impact during motorcycle rides; conspicuity program to increase visibility of a motorcyclist and road engineering program which involves setting-up exclusive motorcycle lanes, paved road shoulder and end treatment of nonexclusive motorcycle lanes. It is targeted by the Malaysian Government that by the year 2010, the accident rate should reduce to more than 50 percent, i.e., deaths due to RTA should decline from the current 4.2 deaths per 10,000 vehicles to 2 deaths per 10,000 vehicles by 2010.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoad Traffic
Subtitle of host publicationSafety, Modeling and Impacts
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages487-502
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781616680039
ISBN (Print)9781604568844
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

Fingerprint

Motorcycles
Highway accidents
Accidents
Law enforcement
Exposure controls
Television
Visibility
Planning
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Ramli, R., Rahman, R. A., & Radin Sohadi, R. U. (2009). Motorcycle accidents and prevention programs in Malaysia. In Road Traffic: Safety, Modeling and Impacts (pp. 487-502). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

Motorcycle accidents and prevention programs in Malaysia. / Ramli, Roszalina; Rahman, Roslan Abdul; Radin Sohadi, Radin Umar.

Road Traffic: Safety, Modeling and Impacts. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009. p. 487-502.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Ramli, R, Rahman, RA & Radin Sohadi, RU 2009, Motorcycle accidents and prevention programs in Malaysia. in Road Traffic: Safety, Modeling and Impacts. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 487-502.
Ramli R, Rahman RA, Radin Sohadi RU. Motorcycle accidents and prevention programs in Malaysia. In Road Traffic: Safety, Modeling and Impacts. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2009. p. 487-502
Ramli, Roszalina ; Rahman, Roslan Abdul ; Radin Sohadi, Radin Umar. / Motorcycle accidents and prevention programs in Malaysia. Road Traffic: Safety, Modeling and Impacts. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2009. pp. 487-502
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