Mosque grey water quality in Sana'a, Yemen

Mohammed Hasan Al-Mughalles, Rakmi Abdul Rahman, Fatihah Suja`, Mastura Mahmud, Sharifah Mastura Syed Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Weekly grey water samples were collected from two mosques in capital Sana'a for quality determination purpose, Al-Rahman and Ghazwat Badr mosques. The samples were collected from ablution basin in where the worshippers wash some of their body's parts before the prayers. Fresh water samples were collected from the taps of mosques and the quality was determined for comparing purpose. According to the parameters which were selected and determined in this study, the results showed that the chemical and physical properties, NO 3 -, NH 3, PO 4 -, and TSS are within the acceptable limits of water reuse in irrigation. On the other hand the results showed the microbial and biological qualities of mosques' grey water F.C, BOD 5, and COD are higher than the permissible levels of agriculture irrigation purpose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-921
Number of pages11
JournalElectronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering
Volume17 G
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Water quality
water quality
Irrigation
irrigation
Water
water
Biochemical oxygen demand
chemical property
physical property
Agriculture
Chemical properties
agriculture
Physical properties
basin
parameter
water reuse

Keywords

  • Ablution basin
  • Grey water
  • Irrigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Mosque grey water quality in Sana'a, Yemen. / Al-Mughalles, Mohammed Hasan; Rahman, Rakmi Abdul; Suja`, Fatihah; Mahmud, Mastura; Syed Abdullah, Sharifah Mastura.

In: Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 17 G, 2012, p. 911-921.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e314d62e75af49c8bb5e561af1bc994a,
title = "Mosque grey water quality in Sana'a, Yemen",
abstract = "Weekly grey water samples were collected from two mosques in capital Sana'a for quality determination purpose, Al-Rahman and Ghazwat Badr mosques. The samples were collected from ablution basin in where the worshippers wash some of their body's parts before the prayers. Fresh water samples were collected from the taps of mosques and the quality was determined for comparing purpose. According to the parameters which were selected and determined in this study, the results showed that the chemical and physical properties, NO 3 -, NH 3, PO 4 -, and TSS are within the acceptable limits of water reuse in irrigation. On the other hand the results showed the microbial and biological qualities of mosques' grey water F.C, BOD 5, and COD are higher than the permissible levels of agriculture irrigation purpose.",
keywords = "Ablution basin, Grey water, Irrigation",
author = "Al-Mughalles, {Mohammed Hasan} and Rahman, {Rakmi Abdul} and Fatihah Suja` and Mastura Mahmud and {Syed Abdullah}, {Sharifah Mastura}",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "17 G",
pages = "911--921",
journal = "Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering",
issn = "1089-3032",
publisher = "Oklahoma State University",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mosque grey water quality in Sana'a, Yemen

AU - Al-Mughalles, Mohammed Hasan

AU - Rahman, Rakmi Abdul

AU - Suja`, Fatihah

AU - Mahmud, Mastura

AU - Syed Abdullah, Sharifah Mastura

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Weekly grey water samples were collected from two mosques in capital Sana'a for quality determination purpose, Al-Rahman and Ghazwat Badr mosques. The samples were collected from ablution basin in where the worshippers wash some of their body's parts before the prayers. Fresh water samples were collected from the taps of mosques and the quality was determined for comparing purpose. According to the parameters which were selected and determined in this study, the results showed that the chemical and physical properties, NO 3 -, NH 3, PO 4 -, and TSS are within the acceptable limits of water reuse in irrigation. On the other hand the results showed the microbial and biological qualities of mosques' grey water F.C, BOD 5, and COD are higher than the permissible levels of agriculture irrigation purpose.

AB - Weekly grey water samples were collected from two mosques in capital Sana'a for quality determination purpose, Al-Rahman and Ghazwat Badr mosques. The samples were collected from ablution basin in where the worshippers wash some of their body's parts before the prayers. Fresh water samples were collected from the taps of mosques and the quality was determined for comparing purpose. According to the parameters which were selected and determined in this study, the results showed that the chemical and physical properties, NO 3 -, NH 3, PO 4 -, and TSS are within the acceptable limits of water reuse in irrigation. On the other hand the results showed the microbial and biological qualities of mosques' grey water F.C, BOD 5, and COD are higher than the permissible levels of agriculture irrigation purpose.

KW - Ablution basin

KW - Grey water

KW - Irrigation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859588296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84859588296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 17 G

SP - 911

EP - 921

JO - Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering

JF - Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering

SN - 1089-3032

ER -