Morphological effect of CNT/TiO2 nanocomposite photoelectrodes dye-sensitized solar cell on photovoltaic performance with various annealing temperatures

Mohd Zikri Razali, Huda Abdullah, Izamarlina Asaahari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research focused on the fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cell based on a photoanode of carbon nanotube/titanium dioxide (CNT/TiO2) nanocomposite photoanode synthesized through acid-catalyzed sol-gel method. The results show the improvement of the chemical and electrical properties of the solar cells annealed at different temperatures. The CNT/TiO2 colloidal solution was synthesized using titanium tetraisopropoxide and CNT/2-propanol solution. The thin films were doctor-bladed on a fluorine tin oxide glass before being annealed at 550, 650, and 750°C. The field emission scanning electron microscopy morphological images show that the thin films were homogenously distributed and maintained their spherical structures. The X-ray diffraction patterns show that the films consisted of anatase and rutile phases with large crystallite sizes due to temperature increment. The atomic force microscopy analysis presents the thin film roughness in terms of root mean square roughness. The photovoltaic performance was analyzed using IV curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The thin films annealed at 750°C had the highest energy conversion efficiency at 5.23%. The EIS analysis estimated the values of the effective electron lifetime (τ eff), effective electron diffusion coefficient, effective electron diffusion (L n), and effective recombination rate constant (k eff). A large τ eff, small k eff, and longer L n can improve photovoltaic performance efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number501978
JournalInternational Journal of Photoenergy
Volume2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
solar cells
dyes
carbon nanotubes
Annealing
Thin films
electron diffusion
annealing
thin films
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Titanium dioxide
Electrons
roughness
Surface roughness
impedance
Temperature
Carbon Nanotubes
temperature
2-Propanol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Morphological effect of CNT/TiO2 nanocomposite photoelectrodes dye-sensitized solar cell on photovoltaic performance with various annealing temperatures",
abstract = "This research focused on the fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cell based on a photoanode of carbon nanotube/titanium dioxide (CNT/TiO2) nanocomposite photoanode synthesized through acid-catalyzed sol-gel method. The results show the improvement of the chemical and electrical properties of the solar cells annealed at different temperatures. The CNT/TiO2 colloidal solution was synthesized using titanium tetraisopropoxide and CNT/2-propanol solution. The thin films were doctor-bladed on a fluorine tin oxide glass before being annealed at 550, 650, and 750°C. The field emission scanning electron microscopy morphological images show that the thin films were homogenously distributed and maintained their spherical structures. The X-ray diffraction patterns show that the films consisted of anatase and rutile phases with large crystallite sizes due to temperature increment. The atomic force microscopy analysis presents the thin film roughness in terms of root mean square roughness. The photovoltaic performance was analyzed using IV curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The thin films annealed at 750°C had the highest energy conversion efficiency at 5.23{\%}. The EIS analysis estimated the values of the effective electron lifetime (τ eff), effective electron diffusion coefficient, effective electron diffusion (L n), and effective recombination rate constant (k eff). A large τ eff, small k eff, and longer L n can improve photovoltaic performance efficiency.",
author = "Razali, {Mohd Zikri} and Huda Abdullah and Izamarlina Asaahari",
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AU - Abdullah, Huda

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PY - 2015

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AB - This research focused on the fabrication of dye-sensitized solar cell based on a photoanode of carbon nanotube/titanium dioxide (CNT/TiO2) nanocomposite photoanode synthesized through acid-catalyzed sol-gel method. The results show the improvement of the chemical and electrical properties of the solar cells annealed at different temperatures. The CNT/TiO2 colloidal solution was synthesized using titanium tetraisopropoxide and CNT/2-propanol solution. The thin films were doctor-bladed on a fluorine tin oxide glass before being annealed at 550, 650, and 750°C. The field emission scanning electron microscopy morphological images show that the thin films were homogenously distributed and maintained their spherical structures. The X-ray diffraction patterns show that the films consisted of anatase and rutile phases with large crystallite sizes due to temperature increment. The atomic force microscopy analysis presents the thin film roughness in terms of root mean square roughness. The photovoltaic performance was analyzed using IV curve and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The thin films annealed at 750°C had the highest energy conversion efficiency at 5.23%. The EIS analysis estimated the values of the effective electron lifetime (τ eff), effective electron diffusion coefficient, effective electron diffusion (L n), and effective recombination rate constant (k eff). A large τ eff, small k eff, and longer L n can improve photovoltaic performance efficiency.

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