Moringa Oleifera dosage clustering for remediation process of Batik effluents using chemometric technique

Zuriati Khairuddin, Hafizan Juahir, Azizah Endut, Azimah Ismail, Mohd Khairul Amri Kamarudin, Adiana Ghazali, Mazlin Mokhtar, Mohd. Ekhwan Toriman, Mir Sujaul Islam, Fathurrahman Lananan, Abdul Rahman Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Batik has become one of the well-known industries because of the exclusive design and colours. The wastewater produced during the Batik production could contaminate the water bodies due to the contaminants present in the effluents. The need to remove the contaminants, in turn, calls for an efficient and effective Batik wastewater treatment prior to the disposal into the environment. The present study is purposely to determine the optimum Moringa oleifera dosage during the Batik effluents treatment process. The Batik effluent was treated using different M. oleifera seed powder dosages, swirled and allowed to settle down for 24 hours. The best dosage was determined by utilizing the cluster analysis (CA) and discriminant analysis (DA) on the observation data. The CA and DA verified that 2.5g and 5.0g are the optimum dosages to reduce the contaminants in the Batik wastewater. Additionally, both optimum dosages are the least dosage by which will also reduce the cost of M. oleifera used in the Batik wastewater treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-89
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE)
Volume7
Issue number3.14 Special Issue 14
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Moringa oleifera
Waste Water
Remediation
Cluster Analysis
Effluents
Cluster analysis
Discriminant analysis
Impurities
Wastewater treatment
Wastewater
Discriminant Analysis
Effluent treatment
Waste disposal
Powders
Seed
Body Water
Color
Seeds
Industry
Water

Keywords

  • Chemometric technique
  • Cluster analysis
  • Discriminant analysis
  • Moringa oleifera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Hardware and Architecture

Cite this

Khairuddin, Z., Juahir, H., Endut, A., Ismail, A., Kamarudin, M. K. A., Ghazali, A., ... Hassan, A. R. (2018). Moringa Oleifera dosage clustering for remediation process of Batik effluents using chemometric technique. International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), 7(3.14 Special Issue 14), 85-89.

Moringa Oleifera dosage clustering for remediation process of Batik effluents using chemometric technique. / Khairuddin, Zuriati; Juahir, Hafizan; Endut, Azizah; Ismail, Azimah; Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri; Ghazali, Adiana; Mokhtar, Mazlin; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan; Islam, Mir Sujaul; Lananan, Fathurrahman; Hassan, Abdul Rahman.

In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), Vol. 7, No. 3.14 Special Issue 14, 01.01.2018, p. 85-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Khairuddin, Z, Juahir, H, Endut, A, Ismail, A, Kamarudin, MKA, Ghazali, A, Mokhtar, M, Toriman, ME, Islam, MS, Lananan, F & Hassan, AR 2018, 'Moringa Oleifera dosage clustering for remediation process of Batik effluents using chemometric technique', International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE), vol. 7, no. 3.14 Special Issue 14, pp. 85-89.
Khairuddin Z, Juahir H, Endut A, Ismail A, Kamarudin MKA, Ghazali A et al. Moringa Oleifera dosage clustering for remediation process of Batik effluents using chemometric technique. International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE). 2018 Jan 1;7(3.14 Special Issue 14):85-89.
Khairuddin, Zuriati ; Juahir, Hafizan ; Endut, Azizah ; Ismail, Azimah ; Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri ; Ghazali, Adiana ; Mokhtar, Mazlin ; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan ; Islam, Mir Sujaul ; Lananan, Fathurrahman ; Hassan, Abdul Rahman. / Moringa Oleifera dosage clustering for remediation process of Batik effluents using chemometric technique. In: International Journal of Engineering and Technology(UAE). 2018 ; Vol. 7, No. 3.14 Special Issue 14. pp. 85-89.
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