Monsoonal variations in atmospheric surfactants at different coastal areas of the Malaysian Peninsula

Shoffian Amin Jaafar, Mohd Talib Latif, Intan Suraya Razak, Muhammad Zulhilmi Shaharudin, Firoz Khan, Nurul Bahiyah Abd Wahid, Suhaimi Suratman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study determined the effect of monsoonal changes on the composition of atmospheric surfactants in coastal areas. The composition of anions (SO4 2-, NO3 -, Cl-, F-) and the major elements (Ca, K, Mg, Na) in aerosols were used to determine the possible sources of surfactants. Surfactant compositions were determined using a colorimetric method as methylene blue active substances (MBAS) and disulphine blue active substances (DBAS). The anion and major element compositions of the aerosol samples were determined by ion chromatography (IC) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), respectively. The results indicated that the concentrations of surfactant in aerosols were dominated by MBAS (34-326pmolm-3). Monsoonal changes were found to significantly affect the concentration of surfactants. Using principal component analysis-multiple linear regressions (PCA-MLR), major possible sources for surfactants in the aerosols were motor vehicle emissions, secondary aerosol and the combustion of biomass along with marine aerosol.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 17 Oct 2015

Fingerprint

aerosols
surfactants
Aerosols
surfactant
Surface active agents
aerosol
methylene blue
Chemical analysis
anions
anion
Negative ions
Secondary emission
atmospheric chemistry
Ion chromatography
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
ion chromatography
atomic absorption spectrometry
ion exchange chromatography
combustion
Linear regression

Keywords

  • Aerosols
  • Ionic compositions
  • Monsoonal effect, PCA-MLR
  • Surfactants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography
  • Pollution

Cite this

Monsoonal variations in atmospheric surfactants at different coastal areas of the Malaysian Peninsula. / Jaafar, Shoffian Amin; Latif, Mohd Talib; Razak, Intan Suraya; Shaharudin, Muhammad Zulhilmi; Khan, Firoz; Wahid, Nurul Bahiyah Abd; Suratman, Suhaimi.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, 17.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jaafar, Shoffian Amin ; Latif, Mohd Talib ; Razak, Intan Suraya ; Shaharudin, Muhammad Zulhilmi ; Khan, Firoz ; Wahid, Nurul Bahiyah Abd ; Suratman, Suhaimi. / Monsoonal variations in atmospheric surfactants at different coastal areas of the Malaysian Peninsula. In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2015.
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AU - Khan, Firoz

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