Monoclonal antibody that recognizes an epitope of the sperm equatorial region and specifically inhibits sperm-oolemma fusion but not binding

Mahanem Mat Noor, H. D M Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Balb/c mice were immunized with purified hamster sperm heads for induction of antisera and the production of monoclonal antibodies that recognize preferentially the equatorial segment. Twenty-six hybridoma clones secreted monoclonal antibodies with strong affinity for spermatozoa. The supernatants of 16 clones contained antibodies against the equatorial segment, of which 11 were specific to this region. Five supernatants (M1-M5) containing antibodies that bind to various regions of the sperm head were selected and assessed for the ability to inhibit hamster fertilization in vitro using intact and zona-free oocytes. All the supernatants inhibited fertilization compared with the control. However, M1 supernatant specifically inhibited sperm-egg fusion in a concentration-dependent manner, while sperm-oolemma binding and sperm motility remained unaffected. M1 supernatant recognized an epitope that is exclusive to the equatorial segment and expression of this epitope increased after capacitation and the acrosome reaction. Preliminary immunoblot analysis indicated that M1 monoclonal antibody recognized two protein bands of 37.5 and 34.0 kDa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-224
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Fertility
Volume115
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999

Fingerprint

Sperm Head
Spermatozoa
Epitopes
Monoclonal Antibodies
Cricetinae
Clone Cells
Acrosome Reaction
Antibodies
Sperm Motility
Hybridomas
Herpes Zoster
Fertilization in Vitro
Fertilization
Oocytes
Ovum
Immune Sera
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Embryology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

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abstract = "Balb/c mice were immunized with purified hamster sperm heads for induction of antisera and the production of monoclonal antibodies that recognize preferentially the equatorial segment. Twenty-six hybridoma clones secreted monoclonal antibodies with strong affinity for spermatozoa. The supernatants of 16 clones contained antibodies against the equatorial segment, of which 11 were specific to this region. Five supernatants (M1-M5) containing antibodies that bind to various regions of the sperm head were selected and assessed for the ability to inhibit hamster fertilization in vitro using intact and zona-free oocytes. All the supernatants inhibited fertilization compared with the control. However, M1 supernatant specifically inhibited sperm-egg fusion in a concentration-dependent manner, while sperm-oolemma binding and sperm motility remained unaffected. M1 supernatant recognized an epitope that is exclusive to the equatorial segment and expression of this epitope increased after capacitation and the acrosome reaction. Preliminary immunoblot analysis indicated that M1 monoclonal antibody recognized two protein bands of 37.5 and 34.0 kDa.",
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N2 - Balb/c mice were immunized with purified hamster sperm heads for induction of antisera and the production of monoclonal antibodies that recognize preferentially the equatorial segment. Twenty-six hybridoma clones secreted monoclonal antibodies with strong affinity for spermatozoa. The supernatants of 16 clones contained antibodies against the equatorial segment, of which 11 were specific to this region. Five supernatants (M1-M5) containing antibodies that bind to various regions of the sperm head were selected and assessed for the ability to inhibit hamster fertilization in vitro using intact and zona-free oocytes. All the supernatants inhibited fertilization compared with the control. However, M1 supernatant specifically inhibited sperm-egg fusion in a concentration-dependent manner, while sperm-oolemma binding and sperm motility remained unaffected. M1 supernatant recognized an epitope that is exclusive to the equatorial segment and expression of this epitope increased after capacitation and the acrosome reaction. Preliminary immunoblot analysis indicated that M1 monoclonal antibody recognized two protein bands of 37.5 and 34.0 kDa.

AB - Balb/c mice were immunized with purified hamster sperm heads for induction of antisera and the production of monoclonal antibodies that recognize preferentially the equatorial segment. Twenty-six hybridoma clones secreted monoclonal antibodies with strong affinity for spermatozoa. The supernatants of 16 clones contained antibodies against the equatorial segment, of which 11 were specific to this region. Five supernatants (M1-M5) containing antibodies that bind to various regions of the sperm head were selected and assessed for the ability to inhibit hamster fertilization in vitro using intact and zona-free oocytes. All the supernatants inhibited fertilization compared with the control. However, M1 supernatant specifically inhibited sperm-egg fusion in a concentration-dependent manner, while sperm-oolemma binding and sperm motility remained unaffected. M1 supernatant recognized an epitope that is exclusive to the equatorial segment and expression of this epitope increased after capacitation and the acrosome reaction. Preliminary immunoblot analysis indicated that M1 monoclonal antibody recognized two protein bands of 37.5 and 34.0 kDa.

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