Molecular basis of avascular necrosis of the head of the femur

Facts to ponder

Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh, Apichat Sinthubua, Sitthiporn Ruengdit, Srijit Das

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background: Avascular necrosis of the head of the femur is a serious event which occurs following any trauma. There is profuse blood loss due to rupture of arteries supplying the head of the femur. There may be possible association of any gene with avascular necrosis of the head of the femur. Design: A short narrative review for genes involved in the avascular necrosis of femur. Methods: A thorough search of literature was done to scrutinize various published papers related to avascular necrosis of head of femur and the genes involved were noted. Results: The retrieved results showed the involvement of various genes in avascular necrosis of the head of the femur. Genes related to Alpha-2 macroglobulin (A2M), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), Sterol regulatory element binding factor, Osteoprotegerin (OPG), Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor kappa-B (RANK) and RANK ligand (RANKL), Bone morphogenetic proteins, COL2A1 mutations and Factor V Leiden were found to influence avascular necrosis of the head of the femur. Conclusion: Knowledge of the genes involved in avascular necrosis of the head of femur may be important for academic and therapeutic purpose. The knowledge of the genes linked to such avascular necrosis could also form the basis of future stem cell treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-194
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Medical Journal
Volume24
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Femur Head Necrosis
Genes
Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
Necrosis
Femur Head
RANK Ligand
alpha-Macroglobulins
Osteoprotegerin
kappa Opioid Receptor
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
Sterols
Femur
Rupture
Stem Cells
Arteries
Mutation
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Avascular necrosis
  • Femur
  • Genes
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Molecular basis of avascular necrosis of the head of the femur : Facts to ponder. / Mahakkanukrauh, Pasuk; Sinthubua, Apichat; Ruengdit, Sitthiporn; Das, Srijit.

In: International Medical Journal, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2017, p. 192-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Mahakkanukrauh, P, Sinthubua, A, Ruengdit, S & Das, S 2017, 'Molecular basis of avascular necrosis of the head of the femur: Facts to ponder', International Medical Journal, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 192-194.
Mahakkanukrauh, Pasuk ; Sinthubua, Apichat ; Ruengdit, Sitthiporn ; Das, Srijit. / Molecular basis of avascular necrosis of the head of the femur : Facts to ponder. In: International Medical Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 24, No. 2. pp. 192-194.
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