Modulation of Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition Signaling Pathways by Olea Europaea and Its Active Compounds

Rabiatul Adawiyah Razali, Lokanathan Yogeswaran, Muhammad Dain Yazid, Ayu Suraya Ansari, Aminuddin Bin Saim, Ruszymah Idrus

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a significant dynamic process that causes changes in the phenotype of epithelial cells, changing them from their original phenotype to the mesenchymal cell phenotype. This event can be observed during wound healing process, fibrosis and cancer. EMT-related diseases are usually caused by inflammation that eventually leads to tissue remodeling in the damaged tissue. Prolonged inflammation causes long-term EMT activation that can lead to tissue fibrosis or cancer. Due to activation of EMT by its signaling pathway, therapeutic approaches that modulate that pathway should be explored. Olea europaea (OE) is well-known for its anti-inflammatory effects and abundant beneficial active compounds. These properties are presumed to modulate EMT events. This article reviews recent evidence of the effects of OE and its active compounds on EMT events and EMT-related diseases. Following evidence from the literature, it was shown that OE could modulate TGFβ/SMAD, AKT, ERK, and Wnt/β-catenin pathways in EMT due to a potent active compound that is present therein.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume20
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Olea
Modulation
Tissue
modulation
Chemical activation
phenotype
Catenins
fibrosis
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Phenotype
Fibrosis
cancer
activation
Inflammation
wound healing
Wnt Signaling Pathway
causes
Wound Healing
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • EMT
  • fibrosis
  • Mediterranean diet
  • natural product
  • olive
  • signaling pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Modulation of Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition Signaling Pathways by Olea Europaea and Its Active Compounds. / Razali, Rabiatul Adawiyah; Yogeswaran, Lokanathan; Yazid, Muhammad Dain; Ansari, Ayu Suraya; Saim, Aminuddin Bin; Idrus, Ruszymah.

In: International journal of molecular sciences, Vol. 20, No. 14, 16.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Saim, Aminuddin Bin

AU - Idrus, Ruszymah

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