Modification of motorcycle with hydrogen mixture and effect on emission

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Carbon monoxide is one of the emission gases produced by vehicle exhaust fumes that can have negative effects on human health and the environment. Reducing the production of carbon monoxide in exhaust fumes of vehicles is part of this study by using hydrogen as an alternative fuel. Hydrogen in this research is generated by a chemical reaction (AL + HCl). Hydrogen by means of a mixture of gasoline and hydrogen (G+H2) is used to operate an old motorcycle with performance benchmarks and monitoring. The methodology in this study uses the chassis dynamometer and gas analyzer as the main apparatus. The procedure of testing is at specified operating motorcycle conditions (L0, L1, L2) at the maximum speed of the motorcycle. The overall average results of this study showed a reduction of carbon monoxide by 33 %. It proves the use of hydrogen (AL + HCl) in the stoichiometric ratio helps combustion when the oxygen content in the air and fuel mixture is not adequate especially for vehicles using gasoline as a fuel. This study has shown that using hydrogen as a supplement fuel for gasoline engine is a better alternative in controlling air pollution which has become an increasingly critical aspect for the local and international motoring industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7719-7722
Number of pages4
JournalARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume10
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Motorcycles
Hydrogen
Carbon monoxide
Gasoline
Ventilation exhausts
Fumes
Alternative fuels
Dynamometers
Chassis
Air pollution
Gas emissions
Chemical reactions
Health
Engines
Oxygen
Monitoring
Testing
Air
Gases
Industry

Keywords

  • Aluminium
  • Emission control
  • Hydrochloric acid
  • Hydrogen
  • Internal combustion engine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Modification of motorcycle with hydrogen mixture and effect on emission",
abstract = "Carbon monoxide is one of the emission gases produced by vehicle exhaust fumes that can have negative effects on human health and the environment. Reducing the production of carbon monoxide in exhaust fumes of vehicles is part of this study by using hydrogen as an alternative fuel. Hydrogen in this research is generated by a chemical reaction (AL + HCl). Hydrogen by means of a mixture of gasoline and hydrogen (G+H2) is used to operate an old motorcycle with performance benchmarks and monitoring. The methodology in this study uses the chassis dynamometer and gas analyzer as the main apparatus. The procedure of testing is at specified operating motorcycle conditions (L0, L1, L2) at the maximum speed of the motorcycle. The overall average results of this study showed a reduction of carbon monoxide by 33 {\%}. It proves the use of hydrogen (AL + HCl) in the stoichiometric ratio helps combustion when the oxygen content in the air and fuel mixture is not adequate especially for vehicles using gasoline as a fuel. This study has shown that using hydrogen as a supplement fuel for gasoline engine is a better alternative in controlling air pollution which has become an increasingly critical aspect for the local and international motoring industry.",
keywords = "Aluminium, Emission control, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrogen, Internal combustion engine",
author = "{Hj Razali}, Halim and Kamaruzzaman Sopian and Sohif Mat and S. Ibrahim",
year = "2015",
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journal = "ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences",
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AU - Hj Razali, Halim

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

AU - Mat, Sohif

AU - Ibrahim, S.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Carbon monoxide is one of the emission gases produced by vehicle exhaust fumes that can have negative effects on human health and the environment. Reducing the production of carbon monoxide in exhaust fumes of vehicles is part of this study by using hydrogen as an alternative fuel. Hydrogen in this research is generated by a chemical reaction (AL + HCl). Hydrogen by means of a mixture of gasoline and hydrogen (G+H2) is used to operate an old motorcycle with performance benchmarks and monitoring. The methodology in this study uses the chassis dynamometer and gas analyzer as the main apparatus. The procedure of testing is at specified operating motorcycle conditions (L0, L1, L2) at the maximum speed of the motorcycle. The overall average results of this study showed a reduction of carbon monoxide by 33 %. It proves the use of hydrogen (AL + HCl) in the stoichiometric ratio helps combustion when the oxygen content in the air and fuel mixture is not adequate especially for vehicles using gasoline as a fuel. This study has shown that using hydrogen as a supplement fuel for gasoline engine is a better alternative in controlling air pollution which has become an increasingly critical aspect for the local and international motoring industry.

AB - Carbon monoxide is one of the emission gases produced by vehicle exhaust fumes that can have negative effects on human health and the environment. Reducing the production of carbon monoxide in exhaust fumes of vehicles is part of this study by using hydrogen as an alternative fuel. Hydrogen in this research is generated by a chemical reaction (AL + HCl). Hydrogen by means of a mixture of gasoline and hydrogen (G+H2) is used to operate an old motorcycle with performance benchmarks and monitoring. The methodology in this study uses the chassis dynamometer and gas analyzer as the main apparatus. The procedure of testing is at specified operating motorcycle conditions (L0, L1, L2) at the maximum speed of the motorcycle. The overall average results of this study showed a reduction of carbon monoxide by 33 %. It proves the use of hydrogen (AL + HCl) in the stoichiometric ratio helps combustion when the oxygen content in the air and fuel mixture is not adequate especially for vehicles using gasoline as a fuel. This study has shown that using hydrogen as a supplement fuel for gasoline engine is a better alternative in controlling air pollution which has become an increasingly critical aspect for the local and international motoring industry.

KW - Aluminium

KW - Emission control

KW - Hydrochloric acid

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Internal combustion engine

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