Modifiable risk factors of cardiovascular disease among adults in rural community of Malaysia: A cross sectional study

Aniza Ismail, A. Nurmawati, Hanizah Mohd Yusoff, Ahmad Taufik Jamil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Malaysia and many parts of the world. Potentially modifiable risk factors for CVD include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, abdominal obesity, smoking and psychosocial stress. Over the last several decades, efforts to prevent or treat CVD risk factors have resulted in significantly lower rates of CVD-related mortality. However, many patients have never achieved adequate control of CVD risk factors despite them being identified. The aims of this study were to measure the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and to determine its associated factors. A cross sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Malaysia from March 2011 to November 2011 on 1489 respondents aged 18 and above who were selected via convenient sampling. The survey was conducted via a face-to-face interview using a standardized self administered questionnaire. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease identified was 72 cases (4.8%). Overall, the prevalence of modifiable risk factors were predominant compared to non modifiable, with abdominal obesity (51.2%) hypertension (39.5%) and psychosocial stress (33.8%) being among the highest. However, the prevalence of other modifiable risk factors was relatively low with smoking (25.2%), and diabetes mellitus (10.9%) respectively. Respondent with diabetes mellitus and hypertension were 4 times more likely to have cardiovascular disease and those who are obese had associated 2.5 risks towards cardiovascular disease. Therefore, community health intervention measures should be mobilized, specifically on prevention and control of lifestyle-related risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Rural Population
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetes Mellitus
Abdominal Obesity
Hypertension
Smoking
Life Style
Cause of Death
Interviews
Mortality
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Malaysia
  • Modifiable risk factors
  • Rural area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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abstract = "Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Malaysia and many parts of the world. Potentially modifiable risk factors for CVD include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, abdominal obesity, smoking and psychosocial stress. Over the last several decades, efforts to prevent or treat CVD risk factors have resulted in significantly lower rates of CVD-related mortality. However, many patients have never achieved adequate control of CVD risk factors despite them being identified. The aims of this study were to measure the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and to determine its associated factors. A cross sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Malaysia from March 2011 to November 2011 on 1489 respondents aged 18 and above who were selected via convenient sampling. The survey was conducted via a face-to-face interview using a standardized self administered questionnaire. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease identified was 72 cases (4.8{\%}). Overall, the prevalence of modifiable risk factors were predominant compared to non modifiable, with abdominal obesity (51.2{\%}) hypertension (39.5{\%}) and psychosocial stress (33.8{\%}) being among the highest. However, the prevalence of other modifiable risk factors was relatively low with smoking (25.2{\%}), and diabetes mellitus (10.9{\%}) respectively. Respondent with diabetes mellitus and hypertension were 4 times more likely to have cardiovascular disease and those who are obese had associated 2.5 risks towards cardiovascular disease. Therefore, community health intervention measures should be mobilized, specifically on prevention and control of lifestyle-related risk factors.",
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AU - Jamil, Ahmad Taufik

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AB - Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Malaysia and many parts of the world. Potentially modifiable risk factors for CVD include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, abdominal obesity, smoking and psychosocial stress. Over the last several decades, efforts to prevent or treat CVD risk factors have resulted in significantly lower rates of CVD-related mortality. However, many patients have never achieved adequate control of CVD risk factors despite them being identified. The aims of this study were to measure the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and to determine its associated factors. A cross sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Malaysia from March 2011 to November 2011 on 1489 respondents aged 18 and above who were selected via convenient sampling. The survey was conducted via a face-to-face interview using a standardized self administered questionnaire. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease identified was 72 cases (4.8%). Overall, the prevalence of modifiable risk factors were predominant compared to non modifiable, with abdominal obesity (51.2%) hypertension (39.5%) and psychosocial stress (33.8%) being among the highest. However, the prevalence of other modifiable risk factors was relatively low with smoking (25.2%), and diabetes mellitus (10.9%) respectively. Respondent with diabetes mellitus and hypertension were 4 times more likely to have cardiovascular disease and those who are obese had associated 2.5 risks towards cardiovascular disease. Therefore, community health intervention measures should be mobilized, specifically on prevention and control of lifestyle-related risk factors.

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