Modeling of flywheel hybrid powertrain to optimize energy consumption in mechanical hybrid motorcycle

Muhammad Zaidan Abdul Manaf, Nik Abdullah Nik Mohamed, Mohamad Shukri Zakaria, Mohd Noor Asril Saadun, Mohd Hafidzal Mohd Hanafi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The creation of internal combustion engine is a significant milestone in power engineering world which simplified high mechanical energy demand jobs like moving vehicle and machinery. Even though the internal combustion engine gives lot of advantages, however, this type of engine is incapable to convert the heat energy from fuel combustion to the mechanical energy efficiently. Small capacity engine e.g. motorcycle engine having the power conversion efficiency between 25-30%. Therefore, alternative power source is required to support the internal combustion engine in order to increase the overall system efficiency. These phenomena give encouragement to implement the hybridization process. This is to increase the system efficiency in transferring power to the wheel. Hybridization processes e.g. flywheel as secondary power source can increase power transfer efficiency between 30%-80%. Hence, the purpose of this research is to develop the mathematical model of the power transfer efficiency of flywheel hybrid motorcycle by using back trace simulation method. This model will record the amount of energy use in acceleration phase of the driving cycle. Subsequently, the efficiency ratio of motorcycle power transfer is calculated and comparison of those ratios between the conventional motorcycle and the hybrid motorcycle is made. The outstanding results show that the hybrid motorcycle is capable to conserve the energy used up to 36% compare to the conventional motorcycle that wasted energy up to 200%. As a conclusion, flywheel as the secondary power source is capable to supply enough energy to propel the motorcycle forward.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationApplied Mechanics and Materials
    Pages287-292
    Number of pages6
    Volume393
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    EventInternational Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering 2013, ICAME 2013 - Malacca
    Duration: 28 Aug 201329 Aug 2013

    Publication series

    NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
    Volume393
    ISSN (Print)16609336
    ISSN (Electronic)16627482

    Other

    OtherInternational Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering 2013, ICAME 2013
    CityMalacca
    Period28/8/1329/8/13

    Fingerprint

    Hybrid powertrains
    Motorcycles
    Flywheels
    Energy utilization
    Internal combustion engines
    Engines
    Conversion efficiency
    Machinery
    Wheels
    Mathematical models

    Keywords

    • Flywheel
    • Flywheel hybrid motorcycle
    • Power Conversion Efficiency (PCE) and Back Trace Simulation
    • Power Transfer Efficiency (PTE)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Engineering(all)

    Cite this

    Manaf, M. Z. A., Mohamed, N. A. N., Zakaria, M. S., Saadun, M. N. A., & Mohd Hanafi, M. H. (2013). Modeling of flywheel hybrid powertrain to optimize energy consumption in mechanical hybrid motorcycle. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 393, pp. 287-292). (Applied Mechanics and Materials; Vol. 393). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.393.287

    Modeling of flywheel hybrid powertrain to optimize energy consumption in mechanical hybrid motorcycle. / Manaf, Muhammad Zaidan Abdul; Mohamed, Nik Abdullah Nik; Zakaria, Mohamad Shukri; Saadun, Mohd Noor Asril; Mohd Hanafi, Mohd Hafidzal.

    Applied Mechanics and Materials. Vol. 393 2013. p. 287-292 (Applied Mechanics and Materials; Vol. 393).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Manaf, MZA, Mohamed, NAN, Zakaria, MS, Saadun, MNA & Mohd Hanafi, MH 2013, Modeling of flywheel hybrid powertrain to optimize energy consumption in mechanical hybrid motorcycle. in Applied Mechanics and Materials. vol. 393, Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 393, pp. 287-292, International Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering 2013, ICAME 2013, Malacca, 28/8/13. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.393.287
    Manaf MZA, Mohamed NAN, Zakaria MS, Saadun MNA, Mohd Hanafi MH. Modeling of flywheel hybrid powertrain to optimize energy consumption in mechanical hybrid motorcycle. In Applied Mechanics and Materials. Vol. 393. 2013. p. 287-292. (Applied Mechanics and Materials). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.393.287
    Manaf, Muhammad Zaidan Abdul ; Mohamed, Nik Abdullah Nik ; Zakaria, Mohamad Shukri ; Saadun, Mohd Noor Asril ; Mohd Hanafi, Mohd Hafidzal. / Modeling of flywheel hybrid powertrain to optimize energy consumption in mechanical hybrid motorcycle. Applied Mechanics and Materials. Vol. 393 2013. pp. 287-292 (Applied Mechanics and Materials).
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    abstract = "The creation of internal combustion engine is a significant milestone in power engineering world which simplified high mechanical energy demand jobs like moving vehicle and machinery. Even though the internal combustion engine gives lot of advantages, however, this type of engine is incapable to convert the heat energy from fuel combustion to the mechanical energy efficiently. Small capacity engine e.g. motorcycle engine having the power conversion efficiency between 25-30{\%}. Therefore, alternative power source is required to support the internal combustion engine in order to increase the overall system efficiency. These phenomena give encouragement to implement the hybridization process. This is to increase the system efficiency in transferring power to the wheel. Hybridization processes e.g. flywheel as secondary power source can increase power transfer efficiency between 30{\%}-80{\%}. Hence, the purpose of this research is to develop the mathematical model of the power transfer efficiency of flywheel hybrid motorcycle by using back trace simulation method. This model will record the amount of energy use in acceleration phase of the driving cycle. Subsequently, the efficiency ratio of motorcycle power transfer is calculated and comparison of those ratios between the conventional motorcycle and the hybrid motorcycle is made. The outstanding results show that the hybrid motorcycle is capable to conserve the energy used up to 36{\%} compare to the conventional motorcycle that wasted energy up to 200{\%}. As a conclusion, flywheel as the secondary power source is capable to supply enough energy to propel the motorcycle forward.",
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