Modeling flood inundation in river catchment using hydraulic and geographical information system (GIS) simulation approach

Mohd. Ekhwan Toriman, Othman Jaafar, Khairul Nizam Abdul Maulud, Sharifah Mastura Syed Abdullah, Nor Azlina Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Barzani Gasim, Ah Choy Er, Mohd. Fuad Mat Jali, Nor Rohaizah Jamil, Md. Pauzi Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flood is the most significant natural disaster in Malaysia in terms of frequency, area extent, population affected bad damage. As a non-structural measures, flood map is very useful to be implemented mainly to prevent loss of people's lives as well as to notifying the residents of potential flood damage. This study discusses the development of flood inundation in Sungai Pulai using the XPSWMM hydrodynamic software and Geographical Information System (GIS) simulation. Floodplain mapping process includes gathering required data, hydrologic analysis, hydraulic analysis and floodplain mapping using output data sets and base maps. The results indicate that 21 flood occurrences were recorded >81 years giving the average of 3.86 or probability of 26% chance of flooding each year. About 206.433 km2 are subjected to flood inundation areas covering flood depth between 0.2-1.5 m. This study revealed for the strength and potential of a hydrological oriented XPSWMM-GIS as a tool for flood mapping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-432
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Catchments
Information systems
Rivers
Hydraulics
Flood damage
Disasters
Hydrodynamics

Keywords

  • Development
  • Flood inundation
  • Flood mapping
  • GIS
  • Hydraulic
  • XPSWMM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Modeling flood inundation in river catchment using hydraulic and geographical information system (GIS) simulation approach. / Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan; Jaafar, Othman; Abdul Maulud, Khairul Nizam; Syed Abdullah, Sharifah Mastura; Aziz, Nor Azlina Abdul; Gasim, Muhammad Barzani; Er, Ah Choy; Mat Jali, Mohd. Fuad; Jamil, Nor Rohaizah; Abdullah, Md. Pauzi.

In: Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 6, 2011, p. 428-432.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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