Mixed convection boundary layer flow embedded in a thermally stratified porous medium saturated by a nanofluid

Mohd Hafizi Mat Yasin, Norihan Md Arifin, Roslinda Mohd. Nazar, Fudziah Ismail, Ioan Pop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the numerical investigation of the steady mixed convection boundary layer flow over a vertical surface embedded in a thermally stratified porous medium saturated by a nanofluid. The governing partial differential equations are reduced to the ordinary differential equations, using the similarity transformations. The similarity equations are solved numerically for three types of metallic or nonmetallic nanoparticles, namely, copper (Cu), alumina (Al2O3), and titania (TiO2), in a water-based fluid to investigate the effect of the solid volume fraction or nanoparticle volume fraction parameter φ of the nanofluid on the flow and heat transfer characteristics. The skin friction coefficient and the velocity and temperature profiles are presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121943
JournalAdvances in Mechanical Engineering
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Mixed convection
Boundary layer flow
Porous materials
Volume fraction
Nanoparticles
Skin friction
Ordinary differential equations
Partial differential equations
Alumina
Titanium
Heat transfer
Copper
Fluids
Water
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Mixed convection boundary layer flow embedded in a thermally stratified porous medium saturated by a nanofluid. / Mat Yasin, Mohd Hafizi; Arifin, Norihan Md; Mohd. Nazar, Roslinda; Ismail, Fudziah; Pop, Ioan.

In: Advances in Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 2013, 121943, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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