Microbial synthesis gas utilization and ways to resolve kinetic and mass-transfer limitations

Muhammad Yasin, Yeseul Jeong, Shinyoung Park, Jiyeong Jeong, Eun Yeol Lee, Robert W. Lovitt, Byung Hong Kim, Jinwon Lee, In Seop Chang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    45 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Microbial conversion of syngas to energy-dense biofuels and valuable chemicals is a potential technology for the efficient utilization of fossils (e.g., coal) and renewable resources (e.g., lignocellulosic biomass) in an environmentally friendly manner. However, gas-liquid mass transfer and kinetic limitations are still major constraints that limit the widespread adoption and successful commercialization of the technology. This review paper provides rationales for syngas bioconversion and summarizes the reaction limited conditions along with the possible strategies to overcome these challenges. Mass transfer and economic performances of various reactor configurations are compared, and an ideal case for optimum bioreactor operation is presented. Overall, the challenges with the bioprocessing steps are highlighted, and potential solutions are suggested. Future research directions are provided and a conceptual design for a membrane-based syngas biorefinery is proposed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)361-374
    Number of pages14
    JournalBioresource Technology
    Volume177
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015

    Fingerprint

    Synthesis gas
    mass transfer
    Mass transfer
    Bioconversion
    kinetics
    Kinetics
    Biofuels
    Coal
    renewable resource
    commercialization
    Conceptual design
    Bioreactors
    gas
    biofuel
    bioreactor
    Biomass
    Gases
    fossil
    coal
    membrane

    Keywords

    • Acetogens
    • C1 biorefinery
    • Hollow fiber membrane bioreactor
    • Mass transfer limitations
    • Syngas fermentation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Bioengineering
    • Environmental Engineering
    • Waste Management and Disposal

    Cite this

    Yasin, M., Jeong, Y., Park, S., Jeong, J., Lee, E. Y., Lovitt, R. W., ... Chang, I. S. (2015). Microbial synthesis gas utilization and ways to resolve kinetic and mass-transfer limitations. Bioresource Technology, 177, 361-374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.11.022

    Microbial synthesis gas utilization and ways to resolve kinetic and mass-transfer limitations. / Yasin, Muhammad; Jeong, Yeseul; Park, Shinyoung; Jeong, Jiyeong; Lee, Eun Yeol; Lovitt, Robert W.; Kim, Byung Hong; Lee, Jinwon; Chang, In Seop.

    In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 177, 01.02.2015, p. 361-374.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Yasin, M, Jeong, Y, Park, S, Jeong, J, Lee, EY, Lovitt, RW, Kim, BH, Lee, J & Chang, IS 2015, 'Microbial synthesis gas utilization and ways to resolve kinetic and mass-transfer limitations', Bioresource Technology, vol. 177, pp. 361-374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2014.11.022
    Yasin, Muhammad ; Jeong, Yeseul ; Park, Shinyoung ; Jeong, Jiyeong ; Lee, Eun Yeol ; Lovitt, Robert W. ; Kim, Byung Hong ; Lee, Jinwon ; Chang, In Seop. / Microbial synthesis gas utilization and ways to resolve kinetic and mass-transfer limitations. In: Bioresource Technology. 2015 ; Vol. 177. pp. 361-374.
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