Microbial fuel cells using different types of wastewater for electricity generation and simultaneously removed pollutant

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy during substrate oxidation with the aid of microorganisms that act as biocatalysts. The energy contained in organic matter is converted to useful electrical power. An MFC operates as electrons from the microorganisms transfer from a reduced electron donor to an electron acceptor at a higher electrochemical potential. The aims of the study are to determine the most efficient wastewater source that can generate the highest rate of electricity production by using MFCs and to determine the removal rate of carbon and nitrogen in wastewater by using MFCs. The three different wastewater samples used were activated sludge, palm oil mill effluent (POME) and leachate from food waste. The highest rate of voltage generation is achieved when the MFC was operated with leachate (0.455 V), followed by POME (0.444 V) and activated sludge (0.396 V). However, based on the study of the graph pattern generated, activated sludge provided the most consistent record in terms of electricity generation. The highest efficiency of COD removal is achieved by activated sludge (37.5 %), followed by leachate (6.11 %). The activated sludge has also shown the highest efficiency in terms of nitrogen removal (65.28 %), followed by POME (48.12 %) and leachate (25.15 %).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-326
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Volume8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
Wastewater
Electricity
Palm oil
Effluents
Sewage sludge
Microorganisms
Electrons
Nitrogen removal
Biocatalysts
Biological materials
Nitrogen
Oxidation
Carbon
Electric potential
Substrates

Keywords

  • Activated sludge
  • Electricity generation
  • Leachate
  • MFC
  • POME

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Microbial fuel cells using different types of wastewater for electricity generation and simultaneously removed pollutant",
abstract = "Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy during substrate oxidation with the aid of microorganisms that act as biocatalysts. The energy contained in organic matter is converted to useful electrical power. An MFC operates as electrons from the microorganisms transfer from a reduced electron donor to an electron acceptor at a higher electrochemical potential. The aims of the study are to determine the most efficient wastewater source that can generate the highest rate of electricity production by using MFCs and to determine the removal rate of carbon and nitrogen in wastewater by using MFCs. The three different wastewater samples used were activated sludge, palm oil mill effluent (POME) and leachate from food waste. The highest rate of voltage generation is achieved when the MFC was operated with leachate (0.455 V), followed by POME (0.444 V) and activated sludge (0.396 V). However, based on the study of the graph pattern generated, activated sludge provided the most consistent record in terms of electricity generation. The highest efficiency of COD removal is achieved by activated sludge (37.5 {\%}), followed by leachate (6.11 {\%}). The activated sludge has also shown the highest efficiency in terms of nitrogen removal (65.28 {\%}), followed by POME (48.12 {\%}) and leachate (25.15 {\%}).",
keywords = "Activated sludge, Electricity generation, Leachate, MFC, POME",
author = "Hisham, {Nur Syazana Natasya} and {Md Zain}, Shahrom and Sakinah Jusoh and Nurina Anuar and Fatihah Suja` and Amiruddin Ismail and {Ahmad Basri}, {Noor Ezlin}",
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T1 - Microbial fuel cells using different types of wastewater for electricity generation and simultaneously removed pollutant

AU - Hisham, Nur Syazana Natasya

AU - Md Zain, Shahrom

AU - Jusoh, Sakinah

AU - Anuar, Nurina

AU - Suja`, Fatihah

AU - Ismail, Amiruddin

AU - Ahmad Basri, Noor Ezlin

PY - 2013/6

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N2 - Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy during substrate oxidation with the aid of microorganisms that act as biocatalysts. The energy contained in organic matter is converted to useful electrical power. An MFC operates as electrons from the microorganisms transfer from a reduced electron donor to an electron acceptor at a higher electrochemical potential. The aims of the study are to determine the most efficient wastewater source that can generate the highest rate of electricity production by using MFCs and to determine the removal rate of carbon and nitrogen in wastewater by using MFCs. The three different wastewater samples used were activated sludge, palm oil mill effluent (POME) and leachate from food waste. The highest rate of voltage generation is achieved when the MFC was operated with leachate (0.455 V), followed by POME (0.444 V) and activated sludge (0.396 V). However, based on the study of the graph pattern generated, activated sludge provided the most consistent record in terms of electricity generation. The highest efficiency of COD removal is achieved by activated sludge (37.5 %), followed by leachate (6.11 %). The activated sludge has also shown the highest efficiency in terms of nitrogen removal (65.28 %), followed by POME (48.12 %) and leachate (25.15 %).

AB - Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy during substrate oxidation with the aid of microorganisms that act as biocatalysts. The energy contained in organic matter is converted to useful electrical power. An MFC operates as electrons from the microorganisms transfer from a reduced electron donor to an electron acceptor at a higher electrochemical potential. The aims of the study are to determine the most efficient wastewater source that can generate the highest rate of electricity production by using MFCs and to determine the removal rate of carbon and nitrogen in wastewater by using MFCs. The three different wastewater samples used were activated sludge, palm oil mill effluent (POME) and leachate from food waste. The highest rate of voltage generation is achieved when the MFC was operated with leachate (0.455 V), followed by POME (0.444 V) and activated sludge (0.396 V). However, based on the study of the graph pattern generated, activated sludge provided the most consistent record in terms of electricity generation. The highest efficiency of COD removal is achieved by activated sludge (37.5 %), followed by leachate (6.11 %). The activated sludge has also shown the highest efficiency in terms of nitrogen removal (65.28 %), followed by POME (48.12 %) and leachate (25.15 %).

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