Metathesis of palm oil

N. A M Nordin, Bohari Mohd. Yamin, Mohd. Ambar Yarmo, K. Pardan, A. B. Alimuniar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several types of palm oil including crude palm oil were metathesized using the standard homogeneous metathesis catalyst consisting of WCl6 and Me4Sn in chlorobenzene as solvent. The reactions were performed under various conditions, i.e. temperature, reaction times and terminator. From these studies, the minimum conditions for a reaction to occur were obtained. The reaction products were analysed using chromatographic techniques. Eight compounds which have lower molecular weights than the starting materials were identified, namely 6-pentadecene, 9-octadecene, dimethyl 9-octadecenedioate and various methyl esters. The unsaturated diester, dimethyl 9-octadecenadioate was formed by transesterification by methanol on the triglyceride derivative produced after metathesis on palm oil. The present study shows that WCl6/Me4Sn can behave as a bifunctional catalyst. In addition to catalysing the metathesis reaction, the catalyst system can also act as transesterification catalyst when methanol or alcohol is present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-172
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis
Volume65
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Catalysts
Transesterification
Methanol
Reaction products
Esters
Alcohols
Molecular weight
Derivatives
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Metathesis of palm oil. / Nordin, N. A M; Mohd. Yamin, Bohari; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar; Pardan, K.; Alimuniar, A. B.

In: Journal of Molecular Catalysis, Vol. 65, No. 1-2, 1991, p. 163-172.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nordin, NAM, Mohd. Yamin, B, Yarmo, MA, Pardan, K & Alimuniar, AB 1991, 'Metathesis of palm oil', Journal of Molecular Catalysis, vol. 65, no. 1-2, pp. 163-172. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-5102(91)85092-G
Nordin, N. A M ; Mohd. Yamin, Bohari ; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar ; Pardan, K. ; Alimuniar, A. B. / Metathesis of palm oil. In: Journal of Molecular Catalysis. 1991 ; Vol. 65, No. 1-2. pp. 163-172.
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