Metal dust exposure and respiratory health of male steel workers in Terengganu, Malaysia

Nurul Ainun Hamzah, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin, Noor Hassim Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Results: The mean trace metal dusts concentration TWA8 for cobalt and chromium in most of work unit exceeded occupational exposure prescribed values. Prevalence of chest tightness, chronic phlegm, and shortness of breath was 28.0%, 26.8%, 24.1%, and 20.2% respectively. Age and smoking were among the factors associated with respiratory symptoms (OR: 0.92 – 1.78). Smoking and cumulative respirable metal dust were negatively associated with FEV1.

Conclusion: The mean metal dust for cobalt and chromium were 1 to 2 times higher than permissible exposure limit (PEL). This study found that respirable cumulative metal dust exposure is one of the contributing factors to lung function values among steel workers.

Background: This cross sectional study was carried out to determine the relationship between metal dust exposure and respiratory health in male steel workers in Terengganu, Malaysia.

Methods: Subjects were interviewed using a structured questionnaire from British Medical Research Council (BMRC) Questionnaire regarding respiratory symptoms and were examined their lung function using spirometer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-166
Number of pages13
JournalIranian Journal of Public Health
Volume43
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2014

Fingerprint

Steel
Malaysia
Dust
Metals
Health
Chromium
Cobalt
Smoking
Lung
Occupational Exposure
Dyspnea
Biomedical Research
Thorax
Cross-Sectional Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Lung function
  • Metal dust
  • Questionnaire
  • Respiratory symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Metal dust exposure and respiratory health of male steel workers in Terengganu, Malaysia. / Hamzah, Nurul Ainun; Mohd Tamrin, Shamsul Bahri; Ismail, Noor Hassim.

In: Iranian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 43, 05.11.2014, p. 154-166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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