Metabolic syndrome: The association of obesity and unhealthy lifestyle among Malaysian elderly people

Sa'ida Munira Johari, Suzana Shahar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its predictors among Malaysian elderly. A total of 343 elderly aged ≥ 60 years residing low cost flats in an urban area in the central of Malaysia were invited to participate in health screening in community centers. Subjects were interviewed to obtain socio demography, health status and behavior data. Anthropometric measurements were also measured. A total of 30 ml fasting blood was taken to determine fasting serum lipid, glucose level and oxidative stress. MetS was classified according to The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. The prevalence of MetS was 43.4%. More women (48.1%) were affected than men (36.3%) (p<0.05). Being obese or overweight was the strongest predictor for MetS in men and women (p<0.05, both gender). High carbohydrate intake increased risk of MetS in men by 2.8 folds. In women, higher fat free mass index, physical inactivity and good appetite increased risk of MetS by 3.9, 2.1 and 2.3 folds respectively. MetS affected almost half of Malaysian elderly being investigated, especially women, and is associated with obesity and unhealthy lifestyle. It is essential to develop preventive and intervention strategies to curb undesirable consequences associated with MetS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-366
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2014

Fingerprint

Life Style
Obesity
community center
intervention strategy
demography
health behavior
health status
Malaysia
Fasting
urban area
gender
Appetite
costs
health
Health Status
Oxidative Stress
Fats
Carbohydrates
Demography
Lipids

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Malaysia
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Metabolic syndrome : The association of obesity and unhealthy lifestyle among Malaysian elderly people. / Johari, Sa'ida Munira; Shahar, Suzana.

In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 59, No. 2, 01.09.2014, p. 360-366.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d1a9ae20613c44fab3de005ba77f6f59,
title = "Metabolic syndrome: The association of obesity and unhealthy lifestyle among Malaysian elderly people",
abstract = "The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its predictors among Malaysian elderly. A total of 343 elderly aged ≥ 60 years residing low cost flats in an urban area in the central of Malaysia were invited to participate in health screening in community centers. Subjects were interviewed to obtain socio demography, health status and behavior data. Anthropometric measurements were also measured. A total of 30 ml fasting blood was taken to determine fasting serum lipid, glucose level and oxidative stress. MetS was classified according to The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. The prevalence of MetS was 43.4{\%}. More women (48.1{\%}) were affected than men (36.3{\%}) (p<0.05). Being obese or overweight was the strongest predictor for MetS in men and women (p<0.05, both gender). High carbohydrate intake increased risk of MetS in men by 2.8 folds. In women, higher fat free mass index, physical inactivity and good appetite increased risk of MetS by 3.9, 2.1 and 2.3 folds respectively. MetS affected almost half of Malaysian elderly being investigated, especially women, and is associated with obesity and unhealthy lifestyle. It is essential to develop preventive and intervention strategies to curb undesirable consequences associated with MetS.",
keywords = "Elderly, Malaysia, Metabolic syndrome, Risk factors",
author = "Johari, {Sa'ida Munira} and Suzana Shahar",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.archger.2014.04.003",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "360--366",
journal = "Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics",
issn = "0167-4943",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metabolic syndrome

T2 - The association of obesity and unhealthy lifestyle among Malaysian elderly people

AU - Johari, Sa'ida Munira

AU - Shahar, Suzana

PY - 2014/9/1

Y1 - 2014/9/1

N2 - The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its predictors among Malaysian elderly. A total of 343 elderly aged ≥ 60 years residing low cost flats in an urban area in the central of Malaysia were invited to participate in health screening in community centers. Subjects were interviewed to obtain socio demography, health status and behavior data. Anthropometric measurements were also measured. A total of 30 ml fasting blood was taken to determine fasting serum lipid, glucose level and oxidative stress. MetS was classified according to The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. The prevalence of MetS was 43.4%. More women (48.1%) were affected than men (36.3%) (p<0.05). Being obese or overweight was the strongest predictor for MetS in men and women (p<0.05, both gender). High carbohydrate intake increased risk of MetS in men by 2.8 folds. In women, higher fat free mass index, physical inactivity and good appetite increased risk of MetS by 3.9, 2.1 and 2.3 folds respectively. MetS affected almost half of Malaysian elderly being investigated, especially women, and is associated with obesity and unhealthy lifestyle. It is essential to develop preventive and intervention strategies to curb undesirable consequences associated with MetS.

AB - The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its predictors among Malaysian elderly. A total of 343 elderly aged ≥ 60 years residing low cost flats in an urban area in the central of Malaysia were invited to participate in health screening in community centers. Subjects were interviewed to obtain socio demography, health status and behavior data. Anthropometric measurements were also measured. A total of 30 ml fasting blood was taken to determine fasting serum lipid, glucose level and oxidative stress. MetS was classified according to The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. The prevalence of MetS was 43.4%. More women (48.1%) were affected than men (36.3%) (p<0.05). Being obese or overweight was the strongest predictor for MetS in men and women (p<0.05, both gender). High carbohydrate intake increased risk of MetS in men by 2.8 folds. In women, higher fat free mass index, physical inactivity and good appetite increased risk of MetS by 3.9, 2.1 and 2.3 folds respectively. MetS affected almost half of Malaysian elderly being investigated, especially women, and is associated with obesity and unhealthy lifestyle. It is essential to develop preventive and intervention strategies to curb undesirable consequences associated with MetS.

KW - Elderly

KW - Malaysia

KW - Metabolic syndrome

KW - Risk factors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84921674558&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84921674558&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.archger.2014.04.003

DO - 10.1016/j.archger.2014.04.003

M3 - Article

C2 - 24882592

AN - SCOPUS:84921674558

VL - 59

SP - 360

EP - 366

JO - Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

JF - Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

SN - 0167-4943

IS - 2

ER -