Membranes for direct ethanol fuel cells: An overview

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs) are attractive as a power source options because ethanol is a nontoxic, leading to ease of handling and a high energy density fuel, leading to high system energy density. However, to provide practical DEFCs power source there are several issues that still must be addressed including low power density, effect of ethanol crossover on efficiency of fuel utilization, electrical, mechanical and thermal stability and water uptake of the DEFCs electrolyte membrane. This paper describes the proton exchange membrane and alkaline exchange membrane for DEFCs, focusing on current problems and advancements in DEFC membranes. It also presents the specifications and performances of the membranes used in DEFC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-342
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Energy
Volume163
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

Fingerprint

Direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFC)
fuel cell
ethanol
membrane
Membranes
Ion exchange
Ethanol
Mechanical stability
Cell membranes
Protons
water uptake
Thermodynamic stability
Electrolytes
electrolyte
Specifications
energy

Keywords

  • Alkaline exchange membrane-direct ethanol fuel cells
  • Direct ethanol fuel cell
  • Direct ethanol-proton exchange membrane fuel cells
  • Membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Membranes for direct ethanol fuel cells : An overview. / Zakaria, Z.; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Sharifah Najiha, Timmiati.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 163, 01.02.2016, p. 334-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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