Membrane-less micro fuel cell system design and performance: An overview

I. H. Hanapi, S. K. Kamarudin, A. M. Zainoodin, U. A. Hasran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Researchers interest in using fuel cells as a power source has grown because fuel cells are environmentally friendly. However, fuel cells still present challenges due to their performance and cost. This limits the commercialization of fuel cell systems, particularly in liquid fuel cells. One of the major obstacles is the Nafion membrane. The Nafion membrane is extremely expensive and causes the “fuel crossover phenomenon.” Therefore, researchers have proposed a membrane-less fuel cell that eliminates the need of a membrane in the system mainly in micro fuel cells. Membrane-less fuel cell has shown an improvement on power density by approximately 12% compared with conventional type of proton electrolyte membrane fuel cell. However, there still a lack of information on system design and performance. Therefore, the main objective of this review is to present an extensive study focusing on the geometrical system design and performance of a membrane-less fuel cell system. It also presents the different types of membrane-less fuel cell systems. Lastly, it highlights the current problems and potentials to improve the performance of the system. Finally, it is observed that the cost of a membrane fuel cell can be reduced by 20% to 40% compared with the conventional type of fuel cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8956-8972
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume43
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Fuel cells
Systems analysis
Membranes
Liquid fuels
Costs
Protons
Electrolytes

Keywords

  • flow field design
  • geometrical design
  • laminar-based fuel cell
  • membrane-less fuel cell
  • shape of channel
  • system design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Membrane-less micro fuel cell system design and performance : An overview. / Hanapi, I. H.; Kamarudin, S. K.; Zainoodin, A. M.; Hasran, U. A.

In: International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 43, No. 15, 01.12.2019, p. 8956-8972.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{6002b32ae5e2436787e1a4e7881aea5e,
title = "Membrane-less micro fuel cell system design and performance: An overview",
abstract = "Researchers interest in using fuel cells as a power source has grown because fuel cells are environmentally friendly. However, fuel cells still present challenges due to their performance and cost. This limits the commercialization of fuel cell systems, particularly in liquid fuel cells. One of the major obstacles is the Nafion membrane. The Nafion membrane is extremely expensive and causes the “fuel crossover phenomenon.” Therefore, researchers have proposed a membrane-less fuel cell that eliminates the need of a membrane in the system mainly in micro fuel cells. Membrane-less fuel cell has shown an improvement on power density by approximately 12{\%} compared with conventional type of proton electrolyte membrane fuel cell. However, there still a lack of information on system design and performance. Therefore, the main objective of this review is to present an extensive study focusing on the geometrical system design and performance of a membrane-less fuel cell system. It also presents the different types of membrane-less fuel cell systems. Lastly, it highlights the current problems and potentials to improve the performance of the system. Finally, it is observed that the cost of a membrane fuel cell can be reduced by 20{\%} to 40{\%} compared with the conventional type of fuel cell.",
keywords = "flow field design, geometrical design, laminar-based fuel cell, membrane-less fuel cell, shape of channel, system design",
author = "Hanapi, {I. H.} and Kamarudin, {S. K.} and Zainoodin, {A. M.} and Hasran, {U. A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/er.4804",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "8956--8972",
journal = "International Journal of Energy Research",
issn = "0363-907X",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Membrane-less micro fuel cell system design and performance

T2 - An overview

AU - Hanapi, I. H.

AU - Kamarudin, S. K.

AU - Zainoodin, A. M.

AU - Hasran, U. A.

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Researchers interest in using fuel cells as a power source has grown because fuel cells are environmentally friendly. However, fuel cells still present challenges due to their performance and cost. This limits the commercialization of fuel cell systems, particularly in liquid fuel cells. One of the major obstacles is the Nafion membrane. The Nafion membrane is extremely expensive and causes the “fuel crossover phenomenon.” Therefore, researchers have proposed a membrane-less fuel cell that eliminates the need of a membrane in the system mainly in micro fuel cells. Membrane-less fuel cell has shown an improvement on power density by approximately 12% compared with conventional type of proton electrolyte membrane fuel cell. However, there still a lack of information on system design and performance. Therefore, the main objective of this review is to present an extensive study focusing on the geometrical system design and performance of a membrane-less fuel cell system. It also presents the different types of membrane-less fuel cell systems. Lastly, it highlights the current problems and potentials to improve the performance of the system. Finally, it is observed that the cost of a membrane fuel cell can be reduced by 20% to 40% compared with the conventional type of fuel cell.

AB - Researchers interest in using fuel cells as a power source has grown because fuel cells are environmentally friendly. However, fuel cells still present challenges due to their performance and cost. This limits the commercialization of fuel cell systems, particularly in liquid fuel cells. One of the major obstacles is the Nafion membrane. The Nafion membrane is extremely expensive and causes the “fuel crossover phenomenon.” Therefore, researchers have proposed a membrane-less fuel cell that eliminates the need of a membrane in the system mainly in micro fuel cells. Membrane-less fuel cell has shown an improvement on power density by approximately 12% compared with conventional type of proton electrolyte membrane fuel cell. However, there still a lack of information on system design and performance. Therefore, the main objective of this review is to present an extensive study focusing on the geometrical system design and performance of a membrane-less fuel cell system. It also presents the different types of membrane-less fuel cell systems. Lastly, it highlights the current problems and potentials to improve the performance of the system. Finally, it is observed that the cost of a membrane fuel cell can be reduced by 20% to 40% compared with the conventional type of fuel cell.

KW - flow field design

KW - geometrical design

KW - laminar-based fuel cell

KW - membrane-less fuel cell

KW - shape of channel

KW - system design

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073779410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85073779410&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/er.4804

DO - 10.1002/er.4804

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85073779410

VL - 43

SP - 8956

EP - 8972

JO - International Journal of Energy Research

JF - International Journal of Energy Research

SN - 0363-907X

IS - 15

ER -