Medium-scale gasification of oil palm empty fruit bunch for power generation

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Abstract

This paper focuses on the performance of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) gasification using a medium-scale downdraft gasifier for power generation. The EFB gasification process was carried out at a feed rate of 126 kg/h within operating temperatures of 850–950 °C. The gasification performance was monitored based on the syngas composition, syngas calorific value (CV) and the gasification cold gas efficiency (CGE). The results show that the EFB gasification performance increases with the increasing of the operating temperature, especially in terms of the syngas CV and the gasification CGE. Operating temperature of 850–950 °C is found to be the ideal temperature range for the EFB gasification process in this medium-scale gasifier to obtain a favourable syngas CV and gasification CGE for engine application. The EFB gasification also produces a relatively low-tar syngas yield and is expected to generate 106 kWe of electricity at a temperature and feed rate of 900 °C and 126 kg/h, respectively. Based on the analysis, the EFB gasification using a medium-scale downdraft gasifier is a very promising process for power generation due to its favourable gasification performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jun 2016

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Fruits
Gasification
power generation
Power generation
fruit
oil
Calorific value
temperature
gasification
Temperature
Gases
gas
Tar
tar
engine
electricity
Electricity
Engines

Keywords

  • Downdraft gasification
  • Empty fruit bunch (EFB)
  • Power generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

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title = "Medium-scale gasification of oil palm empty fruit bunch for power generation",
abstract = "This paper focuses on the performance of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) gasification using a medium-scale downdraft gasifier for power generation. The EFB gasification process was carried out at a feed rate of 126 kg/h within operating temperatures of 850–950 °C. The gasification performance was monitored based on the syngas composition, syngas calorific value (CV) and the gasification cold gas efficiency (CGE). The results show that the EFB gasification performance increases with the increasing of the operating temperature, especially in terms of the syngas CV and the gasification CGE. Operating temperature of 850–950 °C is found to be the ideal temperature range for the EFB gasification process in this medium-scale gasifier to obtain a favourable syngas CV and gasification CGE for engine application. The EFB gasification also produces a relatively low-tar syngas yield and is expected to generate 106 kWe of electricity at a temperature and feed rate of 900 °C and 126 kg/h, respectively. Based on the analysis, the EFB gasification using a medium-scale downdraft gasifier is a very promising process for power generation due to its favourable gasification performance.",
keywords = "Downdraft gasification, Empty fruit bunch (EFB), Power generation",
author = "Ariffin, {Muhammad Afif} and {Wan Mahmood}, {Wan Mohd Faizal} and Zambri Harun and Ramizi Mohamed",
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AU - Ariffin, Muhammad Afif

AU - Wan Mahmood, Wan Mohd Faizal

AU - Harun, Zambri

AU - Mohamed, Ramizi

PY - 2016/6/1

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N2 - This paper focuses on the performance of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) gasification using a medium-scale downdraft gasifier for power generation. The EFB gasification process was carried out at a feed rate of 126 kg/h within operating temperatures of 850–950 °C. The gasification performance was monitored based on the syngas composition, syngas calorific value (CV) and the gasification cold gas efficiency (CGE). The results show that the EFB gasification performance increases with the increasing of the operating temperature, especially in terms of the syngas CV and the gasification CGE. Operating temperature of 850–950 °C is found to be the ideal temperature range for the EFB gasification process in this medium-scale gasifier to obtain a favourable syngas CV and gasification CGE for engine application. The EFB gasification also produces a relatively low-tar syngas yield and is expected to generate 106 kWe of electricity at a temperature and feed rate of 900 °C and 126 kg/h, respectively. Based on the analysis, the EFB gasification using a medium-scale downdraft gasifier is a very promising process for power generation due to its favourable gasification performance.

AB - This paper focuses on the performance of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) gasification using a medium-scale downdraft gasifier for power generation. The EFB gasification process was carried out at a feed rate of 126 kg/h within operating temperatures of 850–950 °C. The gasification performance was monitored based on the syngas composition, syngas calorific value (CV) and the gasification cold gas efficiency (CGE). The results show that the EFB gasification performance increases with the increasing of the operating temperature, especially in terms of the syngas CV and the gasification CGE. Operating temperature of 850–950 °C is found to be the ideal temperature range for the EFB gasification process in this medium-scale gasifier to obtain a favourable syngas CV and gasification CGE for engine application. The EFB gasification also produces a relatively low-tar syngas yield and is expected to generate 106 kWe of electricity at a temperature and feed rate of 900 °C and 126 kg/h, respectively. Based on the analysis, the EFB gasification using a medium-scale downdraft gasifier is a very promising process for power generation due to its favourable gasification performance.

KW - Downdraft gasification

KW - Empty fruit bunch (EFB)

KW - Power generation

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