Mechanical properties and water absorption of glass fibre reinforced bio-phenolic elastomer (BPE) composite

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, bio-phenolic resin (BPR) was synthesised using liquefied oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres. Epoxidised natural rubber (ENR) was added to provide elastomeric properties and improve the phenolic resin brittleness. Three different types of NR/glass fibre prepregs using SMR-L, ENR-25 and ENR-50 were prepared and used in the fabrication of the bio-phenolic elastomer (BPE) glass composites. The composites were made by using hand lay-up technique. The ENR-50 showed the best compatibility with the BPR. The impact strength of the composites increased as much as 77.7% with the addition of 35. wt% of ENR-50. Flexural test results indicated that the BPE composites possessed elastomeric properties. The ENR acted as a compatibiliser that helped in improving the wettability of the BPR on the surface of the glass fibres. Furthermore, approximately 47% of water absorbed by the BPE composites was reduced as the ENR-50 composition increased up to 35. wt%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-59
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume72
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2015

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rubber
mechanical properties
composite materials
resins
wettability
Elaeis guineensis
glass fibers
glass
hands
fruits
water
testing

Keywords

  • Bio-phenolic composite
  • Compatibility
  • Liquefaction
  • Mechanical properties
  • Water absorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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title = "Mechanical properties and water absorption of glass fibre reinforced bio-phenolic elastomer (BPE) composite",
abstract = "In this study, bio-phenolic resin (BPR) was synthesised using liquefied oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres. Epoxidised natural rubber (ENR) was added to provide elastomeric properties and improve the phenolic resin brittleness. Three different types of NR/glass fibre prepregs using SMR-L, ENR-25 and ENR-50 were prepared and used in the fabrication of the bio-phenolic elastomer (BPE) glass composites. The composites were made by using hand lay-up technique. The ENR-50 showed the best compatibility with the BPR. The impact strength of the composites increased as much as 77.7{\%} with the addition of 35. wt{\%} of ENR-50. Flexural test results indicated that the BPE composites possessed elastomeric properties. The ENR acted as a compatibiliser that helped in improving the wettability of the BPR on the surface of the glass fibres. Furthermore, approximately 47{\%} of water absorbed by the BPE composites was reduced as the ENR-50 composition increased up to 35. wt{\%}.",
keywords = "Bio-phenolic composite, Compatibility, Liquefaction, Mechanical properties, Water absorption",
author = "Amran, {Umar Adli} and Sarani Zakaria and Chia, {Chin Hua} and {Syed Jaafar}, {Sharifah Nabihah} and Rasidi Roslan",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
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doi = "10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.01.054",
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T1 - Mechanical properties and water absorption of glass fibre reinforced bio-phenolic elastomer (BPE) composite

AU - Amran, Umar Adli

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

AU - Chia, Chin Hua

AU - Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah

AU - Roslan, Rasidi

PY - 2015/10/5

Y1 - 2015/10/5

N2 - In this study, bio-phenolic resin (BPR) was synthesised using liquefied oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres. Epoxidised natural rubber (ENR) was added to provide elastomeric properties and improve the phenolic resin brittleness. Three different types of NR/glass fibre prepregs using SMR-L, ENR-25 and ENR-50 were prepared and used in the fabrication of the bio-phenolic elastomer (BPE) glass composites. The composites were made by using hand lay-up technique. The ENR-50 showed the best compatibility with the BPR. The impact strength of the composites increased as much as 77.7% with the addition of 35. wt% of ENR-50. Flexural test results indicated that the BPE composites possessed elastomeric properties. The ENR acted as a compatibiliser that helped in improving the wettability of the BPR on the surface of the glass fibres. Furthermore, approximately 47% of water absorbed by the BPE composites was reduced as the ENR-50 composition increased up to 35. wt%.

AB - In this study, bio-phenolic resin (BPR) was synthesised using liquefied oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibres. Epoxidised natural rubber (ENR) was added to provide elastomeric properties and improve the phenolic resin brittleness. Three different types of NR/glass fibre prepregs using SMR-L, ENR-25 and ENR-50 were prepared and used in the fabrication of the bio-phenolic elastomer (BPE) glass composites. The composites were made by using hand lay-up technique. The ENR-50 showed the best compatibility with the BPR. The impact strength of the composites increased as much as 77.7% with the addition of 35. wt% of ENR-50. Flexural test results indicated that the BPE composites possessed elastomeric properties. The ENR acted as a compatibiliser that helped in improving the wettability of the BPR on the surface of the glass fibres. Furthermore, approximately 47% of water absorbed by the BPE composites was reduced as the ENR-50 composition increased up to 35. wt%.

KW - Bio-phenolic composite

KW - Compatibility

KW - Liquefaction

KW - Mechanical properties

KW - Water absorption

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