Mechanical peoperties of Kenaf-thermoplastic natural rubber composites

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kenaf-thermoplastic natural rubber (Kenaf-TPNR) composites were developed and evaluated in this study. The kenaf was blended with TPNR and maleic anhydride-grafted polypropylene (MAPP) as a compatibilizer in an internal mixer (Brabender). The mechanical properties of the composites were investigated by tensile, impact, flexural, and morphologic properties by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The incorporation of the kenaf fiber into the TPNR matrix resulted in an improvement in the tensile strength and Young's modulus. However, the maximum strain and impact strength decreased with increased filler loading. The better performance was attributed to the addition of MAPP due to improvements in the wetting of the filler surface. The addition of MAPP produced composites with improved tensile strength, Young's modulus, and flexural stiffness. SEM was employed to investigate the fiber surface, fiber pullout, and fiber-matrix interaction of composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-355
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer - Plastics Technology and Engineering
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

Fingerprint

Rubber
Maleic Anhydrides
Thermoplastics
Polypropylenes
Maleic anhydride
Composite materials
Fillers
Fibers
Tensile strength
Electron microscopes
Elastic moduli
Kenaf fibers
Scanning
Compatibilizers
Impact strength
Wetting
Stiffness
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • Composite
  • Kenaf
  • MAPP
  • Mechanical properties
  • TPNR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Mechanical peoperties of Kenaf-thermoplastic natural rubber composites. / Sameni, J. K.; Ahmad, Sahrim; Zakaria, Sarani.

In: Polymer - Plastics Technology and Engineering, Vol. 42, No. 3, 06.2003, p. 345-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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