Mechanical and thermal properties of environmentally friendly composites derived from sugar palm tree

J. Sahari, S. M. Sapuan, E. S. Zainudin, M. A. Maleque

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    83 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to study the effect of fibre content on mechanical properties, water absorption behaviour and thermal properties of sugar palm fibre (SPF) reinforced plasticized sugar palm starch (SPF/SPS) biocomposites. The biocomposites were prepared with different amounts of fibres (i.e. 10%, 20% and 30% by weight percent) by using glycerol as plasticizer for the starch. The mechanical properties of plasticized SPS improved with the incorporation of fibres. Fibre loading also increased the thermal stability of the biocomposite in this investigation. Water uptake and moisture content of SPF/SPS biocomposites decreased with the incorporation of fibres, which is due to better interfacial bonding between the matrix and fibres as well as the hindrance to absorption caused by the fibres. Fractographic studies through scanning electron microscopy showed homogeneous distribution of fibres and matrix with good adhesion which play an important role in improving the mechanical properties of biocomposites.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)285-289
    Number of pages5
    JournalMaterials and Design
    Volume49
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

    Sugars
    Thermodynamic properties
    Mechanical properties
    Fibers
    Composite materials
    Starch
    Plasticizers
    Water absorption
    Glycerol
    Water content
    Thermodynamic stability
    Moisture
    Adhesion
    Scanning electron microscopy

    Keywords

    • Absorption
    • Adhesion
    • Biocomposites
    • Mechanical
    • Thermal

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Materials Science(all)

    Cite this

    Mechanical and thermal properties of environmentally friendly composites derived from sugar palm tree. / Sahari, J.; Sapuan, S. M.; Zainudin, E. S.; Maleque, M. A.

    In: Materials and Design, Vol. 49, 2013, p. 285-289.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Sahari, J. ; Sapuan, S. M. ; Zainudin, E. S. ; Maleque, M. A. / Mechanical and thermal properties of environmentally friendly composites derived from sugar palm tree. In: Materials and Design. 2013 ; Vol. 49. pp. 285-289.
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