Measuring multi-ethnic students citizenship competence: Domains and indicators

Mohd Mahzan Awang, A. Alfitri, Abdul Razak Ahmad, Norila La Ulu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The current study aims at developing and validating an instrument to measure citizenship competences among multi-ethnic students. It was developed based on the Iceberg Competency Model (McBer, 1996) and citizenship competence from the works of (Ten Dam and Volman, 2007; Ten Dam et al., 2010; 2011). The Citizenship Competences Framework was developed prior to indicators/items development. The Framework contained four constructs namely acting democratically, social responsibility, conflict management and dealing with differences. Indicators within these four constructs were developed and verified by experts. They were then used in the instruments. A survey was carried out involving 60 multi-ethnic students in Malaysia. Data gathered was analysed using Exploratory Factor Analysis and Reliability Analysis. Results showed that only 14 indicators/items from four constructs are valid and reliable to be used. Results suggest there are three new groups (indicators/14 items) emerged for measuring citizenship competences. We synthesised these 14 items into three new constructs namely (1) respecting others’ voices, (2) ethnic tolerance and (3) problem solving oriented. These new constructs and items presented in this study are supposed to be considered in researching multi-ethnic student citizenship competence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123.130
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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citizenship
student
conflict management
social responsibility
tolerance
Malaysia
factor analysis
expert
Group

Keywords

  • Citizenship competence
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Exploratory factor analysis
  • Multi-ethnic students
  • Reliability analysis
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Measuring multi-ethnic students citizenship competence : Domains and indicators. / Awang, Mohd Mahzan; Alfitri, A.; Ahmad, Abdul Razak; Ulu, Norila La.

In: American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, 123.130, 2016, p. 123-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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