Measurement of particle migration in micro-channel by multi-capacitance sensing method

Nur Tantiyani Ali Othman, Hiromichi Obara, Achyut Sapkota, Masahiro Takei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study of particle migration is important to enhance and increase the efficiency of the positioning and sorting process in order to produce the high yield of desired product especially in microfluidic applications. In this study, in order to study particle migration, normalized particle concentration in a micro-channel has been calculated for high initial particle concentrations (ξ=3.0, 5.0 and 10.0%) and the small particle diameters (d<inf>p</inf>=1.3, 1.5 and 2.1μm) by using capacitance data measured by a multi-capacitance sensing method. From the calculations, it has been observed that the particle concentration at the wall vicinity area is increased as ξ and d<inf>p</inf> are increased while the particle concentration at the center area is decreased. To analyze the tendency of the particle migration, two quantitative indicators are introduced, viz., streamwise migration ratio (Ψ) which is the ratio of particle concentration at the downstream to the upstream cross-section position, and the cross-sectional migration ratio (Φ) which is the ratio of the particle concentration at the wall to the center area at the same cross-sectional position. The result shows that the Ψ at the center area is decreased as the particles move along the channel irrespective of ξ and d<inf>p</inf> while the Ψ at the wall vicinity area is increased. Based on Ψ and Φ, it has been observed that the particle migrate from the center area towards the wall vicinity area in the case of low ξ and small d<inf>p</inf> while the particles tend to concentrate on the center area in the case of high ξ and the large d<inf>p</inf>. As a result, the particle concentration at center is higher in the case of the lower ξ and the smaller d<inf>p</inf> than that in the case of higher ξ and the larger d<inf>p</inf>.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-169
Number of pages8
JournalFlow Measurement and Instrumentation
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015

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Microchannel
Capacitance
Migration
Sensing
capacitance
Sorting
Microfluidics
classifying
upstream
positioning
Positioning
tendencies
Cross section

Keywords

  • Cross-sectional migration ratio
  • Micro-channel
  • Multi-capacitance sensing
  • Multi-layered sensor electrodes
  • Particle concentration
  • Particle migration
  • Streamwise migration ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Measurement of particle migration in micro-channel by multi-capacitance sensing method. / Ali Othman, Nur Tantiyani; Obara, Hiromichi; Sapkota, Achyut; Takei, Masahiro.

In: Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, Vol. 45, 01.10.2015, p. 162-169.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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