Meal patterns of malaysian adults

Findings from the Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS)

Wan Abdul W M Manan, Nur I. Firdaus, M. Y. Safiah, Siti M D Haslinda, Bee Koon Poh, Norimah A. Karim, M. Y. Azmi, A. Tahir, K. Mirnalini, M. S. Zalilah, S. Fatimah, M. N. Siti Norazlin, W. Fasiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Meal patterns have received little attention in nutrition studies. The aim of this study is to present the findings on general meal patterns of Malaysian adults. Methods: The Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS), carried out in 2002 and 2003, involved 6,928 adults selected by stratified random sampling from all households by zone in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. Results: In general, the results showed that most respondents (74.16%) ate three meals per day; 89.20% of the respondents consumed breakfast, while88.57% consumed lunch and 91.97% consumed dinner with no significant difference in terms of sex. In Peninsular Malaysia, the Northern Zone had the highest number of people consuming breakfast compared to other zones. Meanwhile, the population in Sarawak had the largest proportion of people consuming lunchand dinner, but the smallest proportion of people consuming breakfast. A significantly higher number of the rural population consumed breakfast and lunch than urbanites; however there was no significant difference in dinnerconsumption. Generally, breakfast consumption increased with age whereby significant difference existed between the 18 to 19 years age group and the agegroup of 30 years and older. Lunch intake among the age groups showed nosignificant difference. In contrast, dinner consumption was significantly lower among the 18 to 19 years age group compared to all other age groups. Comparison among the ethnic groups showed that the Indian population had the lowest percentage of having breakfast and lunch while the Orang Asli had the lowest percentage of consuming dinner. However, the Orang Asli recorded the highestpercentage for taking breakfast and lunch while the Chinese had the highest percentage of taking dinner. Conclusion: Considering that Malaysian adults consumed their conventional breakfast, lunch and dinner, these findings indicatethat Malaysians are maintaining their traditional meal patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-230
Number of pages10
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Nutrition Surveys
breakfast
meals (menu)
dinner
Breakfast
lunch
Meals
Lunch
Malaysia
Borneo
Age Groups
rural population
nutrition surveys
nationalities and ethnic groups
Rural Population
households
Ethnic Groups
Population
nutrition
gender

Keywords

  • Malaysian adults
  • MANS
  • Meal pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Food Science

Cite this

Manan, W. A. W. M., Firdaus, N. I., Safiah, M. Y., Haslinda, S. M. D., Poh, B. K., A. Karim, N., ... Fasiah, W. (2012). Meal patterns of malaysian adults: Findings from the Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS). Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 18(2), 221-230.

Meal patterns of malaysian adults : Findings from the Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS). / Manan, Wan Abdul W M; Firdaus, Nur I.; Safiah, M. Y.; Haslinda, Siti M D; Poh, Bee Koon; A. Karim, Norimah; Azmi, M. Y.; Tahir, A.; Mirnalini, K.; Zalilah, M. S.; Fatimah, S.; Siti Norazlin, M. N.; Fasiah, W.

In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2012, p. 221-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Manan, WAWM, Firdaus, NI, Safiah, MY, Haslinda, SMD, Poh, BK, A. Karim, N, Azmi, MY, Tahir, A, Mirnalini, K, Zalilah, MS, Fatimah, S, Siti Norazlin, MN & Fasiah, W 2012, 'Meal patterns of malaysian adults: Findings from the Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS)', Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 221-230.
Manan, Wan Abdul W M ; Firdaus, Nur I. ; Safiah, M. Y. ; Haslinda, Siti M D ; Poh, Bee Koon ; A. Karim, Norimah ; Azmi, M. Y. ; Tahir, A. ; Mirnalini, K. ; Zalilah, M. S. ; Fatimah, S. ; Siti Norazlin, M. N. ; Fasiah, W. / Meal patterns of malaysian adults : Findings from the Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS). In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition. 2012 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 221-230.
@article{44add8f921284059bec29a7a0b0d07bb,
title = "Meal patterns of malaysian adults: Findings from the Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS)",
abstract = "Introduction: Meal patterns have received little attention in nutrition studies. The aim of this study is to present the findings on general meal patterns of Malaysian adults. Methods: The Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS), carried out in 2002 and 2003, involved 6,928 adults selected by stratified random sampling from all households by zone in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. Results: In general, the results showed that most respondents (74.16{\%}) ate three meals per day; 89.20{\%} of the respondents consumed breakfast, while88.57{\%} consumed lunch and 91.97{\%} consumed dinner with no significant difference in terms of sex. In Peninsular Malaysia, the Northern Zone had the highest number of people consuming breakfast compared to other zones. Meanwhile, the population in Sarawak had the largest proportion of people consuming lunchand dinner, but the smallest proportion of people consuming breakfast. A significantly higher number of the rural population consumed breakfast and lunch than urbanites; however there was no significant difference in dinnerconsumption. Generally, breakfast consumption increased with age whereby significant difference existed between the 18 to 19 years age group and the agegroup of 30 years and older. Lunch intake among the age groups showed nosignificant difference. In contrast, dinner consumption was significantly lower among the 18 to 19 years age group compared to all other age groups. Comparison among the ethnic groups showed that the Indian population had the lowest percentage of having breakfast and lunch while the Orang Asli had the lowest percentage of consuming dinner. However, the Orang Asli recorded the highestpercentage for taking breakfast and lunch while the Chinese had the highest percentage of taking dinner. Conclusion: Considering that Malaysian adults consumed their conventional breakfast, lunch and dinner, these findings indicatethat Malaysians are maintaining their traditional meal patterns.",
keywords = "Malaysian adults, MANS, Meal pattern",
author = "Manan, {Wan Abdul W M} and Firdaus, {Nur I.} and Safiah, {M. Y.} and Haslinda, {Siti M D} and Poh, {Bee Koon} and {A. Karim}, Norimah and Azmi, {M. Y.} and A. Tahir and K. Mirnalini and Zalilah, {M. S.} and S. Fatimah and {Siti Norazlin}, {M. N.} and W. Fasiah",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "221--230",
journal = "Malaysian Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1394-035X",
publisher = "Persatuan Pemakanan Malaysia",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Meal patterns of malaysian adults

T2 - Findings from the Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS)

AU - Manan, Wan Abdul W M

AU - Firdaus, Nur I.

AU - Safiah, M. Y.

AU - Haslinda, Siti M D

AU - Poh, Bee Koon

AU - A. Karim, Norimah

AU - Azmi, M. Y.

AU - Tahir, A.

AU - Mirnalini, K.

AU - Zalilah, M. S.

AU - Fatimah, S.

AU - Siti Norazlin, M. N.

AU - Fasiah, W.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Introduction: Meal patterns have received little attention in nutrition studies. The aim of this study is to present the findings on general meal patterns of Malaysian adults. Methods: The Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS), carried out in 2002 and 2003, involved 6,928 adults selected by stratified random sampling from all households by zone in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. Results: In general, the results showed that most respondents (74.16%) ate three meals per day; 89.20% of the respondents consumed breakfast, while88.57% consumed lunch and 91.97% consumed dinner with no significant difference in terms of sex. In Peninsular Malaysia, the Northern Zone had the highest number of people consuming breakfast compared to other zones. Meanwhile, the population in Sarawak had the largest proportion of people consuming lunchand dinner, but the smallest proportion of people consuming breakfast. A significantly higher number of the rural population consumed breakfast and lunch than urbanites; however there was no significant difference in dinnerconsumption. Generally, breakfast consumption increased with age whereby significant difference existed between the 18 to 19 years age group and the agegroup of 30 years and older. Lunch intake among the age groups showed nosignificant difference. In contrast, dinner consumption was significantly lower among the 18 to 19 years age group compared to all other age groups. Comparison among the ethnic groups showed that the Indian population had the lowest percentage of having breakfast and lunch while the Orang Asli had the lowest percentage of consuming dinner. However, the Orang Asli recorded the highestpercentage for taking breakfast and lunch while the Chinese had the highest percentage of taking dinner. Conclusion: Considering that Malaysian adults consumed their conventional breakfast, lunch and dinner, these findings indicatethat Malaysians are maintaining their traditional meal patterns.

AB - Introduction: Meal patterns have received little attention in nutrition studies. The aim of this study is to present the findings on general meal patterns of Malaysian adults. Methods: The Malaysian Adults Nutrition Survey (MANS), carried out in 2002 and 2003, involved 6,928 adults selected by stratified random sampling from all households by zone in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. Results: In general, the results showed that most respondents (74.16%) ate three meals per day; 89.20% of the respondents consumed breakfast, while88.57% consumed lunch and 91.97% consumed dinner with no significant difference in terms of sex. In Peninsular Malaysia, the Northern Zone had the highest number of people consuming breakfast compared to other zones. Meanwhile, the population in Sarawak had the largest proportion of people consuming lunchand dinner, but the smallest proportion of people consuming breakfast. A significantly higher number of the rural population consumed breakfast and lunch than urbanites; however there was no significant difference in dinnerconsumption. Generally, breakfast consumption increased with age whereby significant difference existed between the 18 to 19 years age group and the agegroup of 30 years and older. Lunch intake among the age groups showed nosignificant difference. In contrast, dinner consumption was significantly lower among the 18 to 19 years age group compared to all other age groups. Comparison among the ethnic groups showed that the Indian population had the lowest percentage of having breakfast and lunch while the Orang Asli had the lowest percentage of consuming dinner. However, the Orang Asli recorded the highestpercentage for taking breakfast and lunch while the Chinese had the highest percentage of taking dinner. Conclusion: Considering that Malaysian adults consumed their conventional breakfast, lunch and dinner, these findings indicatethat Malaysians are maintaining their traditional meal patterns.

KW - Malaysian adults

KW - MANS

KW - Meal pattern

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84871840327&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84871840327&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 221

EP - 230

JO - Malaysian Journal of Nutrition

JF - Malaysian Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1394-035X

IS - 2

ER -