### Abstract

Research has shown that mathematics achievement in students is influenced by psychological factors such as mathematics anxiety. Weaknesses among students in learning mathematics in particular will affect the efforts of various sectors in making Malaysia a fully developed nation by 2020. The purpose of this study was to determine mathematics anxiety and mathematics achievement among secondary school students in Selangor, Malaysia. The research examined the differences in mathematics anxiety according to gender as well as the differences in mathematics achievement of students based on the level of mathematics anxiety. The study involved195 Form Four students (86 male and 109 female). The instrument used to measure differences was adapted from the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scale. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to determine the mean, frequency, t-test and one-way ANOVA. The findings of the study indicated that there is mathematics anxiety among secondary school students. The t-test showed that the mean difference between mathematics anxiety and gender is not significant. The ANOVA test showed that there were significant differences in achievement based on the level of mathematics anxiety. Thus, math anxiety is one factor that affects student achievement. Therefore, teachers should strive to understand mathematics anxiety and implement teaching and learning strategies so that students can overcome their anxiety.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 1828-1832 |

Number of pages | 5 |

Journal | American Journal of Applied Sciences |

Volume | 9 |

Issue number | 11 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Sep 2012 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Gender
- Mathematics achievement
- Mathematics anxiety

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General

### Cite this

*American Journal of Applied Sciences*,

*9*(11), 1828-1832. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2012.1828.1832

**Mathematics anxiety and achievement among secondary school students.** / Zakaria, Effandi; Zain, Normalizam Mohd; Ahmad, Nur Amalina; Erlina, Ayu.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*American Journal of Applied Sciences*, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 1828-1832. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2012.1828.1832

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mathematics anxiety and achievement among secondary school students

AU - Zakaria, Effandi

AU - Zain, Normalizam Mohd

AU - Ahmad, Nur Amalina

AU - Erlina, Ayu

PY - 2012/9/1

Y1 - 2012/9/1

N2 - Research has shown that mathematics achievement in students is influenced by psychological factors such as mathematics anxiety. Weaknesses among students in learning mathematics in particular will affect the efforts of various sectors in making Malaysia a fully developed nation by 2020. The purpose of this study was to determine mathematics anxiety and mathematics achievement among secondary school students in Selangor, Malaysia. The research examined the differences in mathematics anxiety according to gender as well as the differences in mathematics achievement of students based on the level of mathematics anxiety. The study involved195 Form Four students (86 male and 109 female). The instrument used to measure differences was adapted from the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scale. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to determine the mean, frequency, t-test and one-way ANOVA. The findings of the study indicated that there is mathematics anxiety among secondary school students. The t-test showed that the mean difference between mathematics anxiety and gender is not significant. The ANOVA test showed that there were significant differences in achievement based on the level of mathematics anxiety. Thus, math anxiety is one factor that affects student achievement. Therefore, teachers should strive to understand mathematics anxiety and implement teaching and learning strategies so that students can overcome their anxiety.

AB - Research has shown that mathematics achievement in students is influenced by psychological factors such as mathematics anxiety. Weaknesses among students in learning mathematics in particular will affect the efforts of various sectors in making Malaysia a fully developed nation by 2020. The purpose of this study was to determine mathematics anxiety and mathematics achievement among secondary school students in Selangor, Malaysia. The research examined the differences in mathematics anxiety according to gender as well as the differences in mathematics achievement of students based on the level of mathematics anxiety. The study involved195 Form Four students (86 male and 109 female). The instrument used to measure differences was adapted from the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scale. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) to determine the mean, frequency, t-test and one-way ANOVA. The findings of the study indicated that there is mathematics anxiety among secondary school students. The t-test showed that the mean difference between mathematics anxiety and gender is not significant. The ANOVA test showed that there were significant differences in achievement based on the level of mathematics anxiety. Thus, math anxiety is one factor that affects student achievement. Therefore, teachers should strive to understand mathematics anxiety and implement teaching and learning strategies so that students can overcome their anxiety.

KW - Gender

KW - Mathematics achievement

KW - Mathematics anxiety

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84875038122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84875038122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3844/ajassp.2012.1828.1832

DO - 10.3844/ajassp.2012.1828.1832

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 1828

EP - 1832

JO - American Journal of Applied Sciences

JF - American Journal of Applied Sciences

SN - 1546-9239

IS - 11

ER -