Materials, morphologies and structures of MEAs in DMFCs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Even though direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) were developed to support power needs, there are still unresolved drawbacks. The main focus of this research is the membrane electrode assembly (MEA), which is the most important component of the fuel cell. The MEA consists of a combination of the diffusion layer, the electrode layer and a membrane. Several obstacles may interfere with the functioning of the MEA, including its relatively low anode electro-catalytic activity, methanol crossover and mass transport. In this paper, an overview of the layer and engineering challenges associated with the MEA will be presented in detail. This paper will also discuss the materials while focusing on the current problems, structure layers, morphologies and fabrication methods of MEAs in DMFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2494-2515
Number of pages22
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Fingerprint

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
Membranes
Electrodes
Fuel cells
Catalyst activity
Anodes
Methanol
Mass transfer
Fabrication

Keywords

  • Direct methanol fuel cell
  • Mass transport
  • Membrane electrode assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Materials, morphologies and structures of MEAs in DMFCs. / Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Hashim, N.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, No. 5, 06.2012, p. 2494-2515.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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