Mass transfer and performance of membrane-less micro fuel cell: A review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Membrane-less micro fuel cells (MMFCs) are high potential alternative power sources compared to conventional batteries. They use the advantage of laminar flow without the presence of a membrane to separate the anode and the cathode. This article is a wide-ranging review of recent studies on mass transfer, performance, modelling advances and future opportunity in MMFCs research. The discussion focuses on the critical factors that limit the performance of MMFCs. Because MMFCs are diffusion-limited, most of this review focuses on design considerations to enhance the power density output. Moreover, the current status of computational modelling for MMFC systems to upgrade the cell performance will be presented. The review also identifies the challenges and opportunities available for increasing cell performance and making the MMFC a practical application device in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1055
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

fuel cells
mass transfer
Fuel cells
Mass transfer
membranes
Membranes
cells
laminar flow
Laminar flow
electric batteries
radiant flux density
Anodes
Cathodes
anodes
cathodes
output

Keywords

  • Laminar flow
  • Mass transport
  • Membrane-less fuel cell
  • Microfluidic fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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